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A 'Virtual Body' Model for Surgical Education and Rehearsal
January 1996 (vol. 29 no. 1)
pp. 25-31

The risk and duration of a surgical intervention can be greatly reduced with the successful generation of a model of the human body that allows surgery to be simulated realistically. Computerized anatomy representations described so far do not meet this requirement. The authors describe a true space-filling "virtual body" model that overcomes the drawbacks of earlier systems. The key idea underlying the new approach is to combine in a single framework a detailed spatial model enabling realistic visualization with a symbolic model of human anatomy. The spatial model is derived from a living person with computerized and magnetic resonance tomography. The symbolic model--implemented with the technique of semantic networks--contains standard textbook knowledge. The resulting virtual-body model allows the computer user to act like a virtual anatomist, radiologist, or surgeon.

K.h. Höhne, Bernhard Pflesser, Andreas Pommert, Martin Riemer, Thomas Schiemann, Rainer Schubert, Ulf Tiede, "A 'Virtual Body' Model for Surgical Education and Rehearsal," Computer, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 25-31, Jan. 1996, doi:10.1109/2.481433
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