This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Formula: A Programming Language for Expressive Computer Music
July 1991 (vol. 24 no. 7)
pp. 12-21

An overview is given of Formula (an abbreviation for Forth Music Language), a language for controlling synthesizers that can model the expressiveness of a human performance. Formula supports algorithmic composition, interactive performance, and programmed interpretation of traditional scores. It uses concurrent processes that share a single address space and are scheduled by the runtime system. Note-playing processes compute sequences of pitches and play these pitches as notes or chords. Auxiliary processes are attached to note-playing processes or groups to supply note parameters such as volume, duration, and articulation. Input-handling processes execute when input arrives from a particular device. Two representative Formula programs are described.

Citation:
David P. Anderson, Ron Kuivila, "Formula: A Programming Language for Expressive Computer Music," Computer, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 12-21, July 1991, doi:10.1109/2.84829
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.