Issue No.03 - March (1981 vol.14)
J.T. Coonen , University of California, Berkeley Zilog, Inc.
Although there have been misconceptions about it, gradual underflow fits naturally into the proposed standard and leads to simple, general statements about the arithmetic.
J.T. Coonen, "Underflow and the Denormalized Numbers", Computer, vol.14, no. 3, pp. 75-87, March 1981, doi:10.1109/C-M.1981.220382