This Article 
 Bibliographic References 
 Add to: 
Navigation and Discovery in 3D CAD Repositories
July/August 2007 (vol. 27 no. 4)
pp. 38-47
Jiantao Pu, Purdue University
Yagnanarayanan Kalyanaraman, Purdue University
Subramaniam Jayanti, Purdue University
Karthik Ramani, Purdue University
Zygmunt Pizlo, Purdue University
While traditional text-based searches are impractical for users seeking 3D content in large repositories, existing 3D search systems present search results in a 1D list, which is hard to search. A new interaction paradigm lets users navigate results in 2D and 3D spaces and easily find 3D models that are similar overall or in a single orientation.

1. N. Iyer et al., "Three-Dimensional Shape Searching: State-of-the-Art Review and Future Trends," Computer-Aided Design, vol. 37, no. 5, 2005, pp. 509–530.
2. B. Bustos et al., "Feature-Based Similarity Search in 3D Object Databases," ACM Computing Surveys, vol. 37, no. 4, 2005, pp. 345–387.
3. J. Jayanti et al., "Developing an Engineering Shape Benchmark for CAD Models," Computer-Aided Design, vol. 38, no. 9, 2006, pp. 939–953.
4. S. Jul and G.W. Furnas, "Navigation in Electronic Worlds: Workshop Report," SIGCHI Bull., vol. 29, no. 4, 1997, pp. 44–49.
5. J.T. Pu and K. Ramani, "A 3D Model Retrieval Method Using 2D Freehand Sketches," Proc. Workshop Computer Graphics and Geometric Modeling (CGGM), LNCS 3515, Springer Verlag, 2005, pp. 343–347.
6. D.S. Tan, G.G. Robertson, and M. Czerwinski, "Exploring 3D Navigation: Combining Speed-Coupled Flying with Orbiting," Proc. SIGCHI Conf. Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM Press, 2001, pp. 418–425.
1. L.T. Nowell et al., "Visualizing Search Results: Some Alternatives to Query Document Similarity," Proc. 19th Int'l Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR), ACM Press, 1996, pp. 67–75.
2. A. Veerasamy and R. Heikes, "Effectiveness of a Graphical Display of Retrieval Results," Proc. 20th Int'l Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR), ACM Press, pp. 236–245.
3. A.M. Rossi, "Visualization of Massive Retrieved Newsfeeds in Interactive 3D," Proc. Int'l Conf. Information Visualization, IEEE CS Press, 1999, pp.12–17.
4. W.A. Arentz and A. Ohrn, "Multidimensional Visualization and Navigation in Search Results," Proc. 8th Int'l Conf. Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information & Engineering Systems, LNCI 3213, Springer Verlag, 2004, pp. 620–627.
5. M. Carey, D. Heesch, and S. Rüger, "Info Navigator: A Visualization Tool for Document Searching and Browsing," Proc. Int'l Conf. Distributed Multimedia Systems, Knowledge Systems Inst., 2003, pp. 23–28.
6. T. Masui et al., "Multiple-view Approach for Smooth Information Retrieval," Proc. 8th ACM Symp. User Interface and Software Technology, ACM Press, 1995, pp. 199–206.
7. W. Wiza, K. Walczak, and W. Cellary, "Adaptive 3D Interfaces for Search Result Visualization," Proc. IADIS Int'l Conf. e-Society, IADIS Press, 2003, pp. 365–372.
8. D. Raja et al., "Exploring the Benefits of Immersion in Abstract Information Visualization," Proc. 8th Int'l Immersive Projection Technology Workshop, VR Applications Center, 2004, pp. 61–69.
9. M. Sebrechts et al., "Visualization of Search Results: A Comparative Evaluation of Text, 2D, and 3D Interfaces," Proc. 22nd Int'l ACM Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR), ACM Press, 1999, pp. 3–10.
10. R.C. Swan and J. Allan, "Aspect Windows, 3D Visualizations, and Indirect Comparison of Information Retrieval Systems," Proc. Int'l ACM Conf. Research and Development in Information Retrieval (SIGIR), ACM Press, 1998, pp. 173–181.
11. G.B. Newby, "Empirical Study of a 3D Visualization for Information Retrieval Tasks," J. Intelligent Information Systems, vol. 18, no. 1, 2002, pp. 31–53.
12. J. Cugini, S. Laskowski, and M. Sebrechts, "Design of 3D Visualization of Search Results: Evolution and Evaluation," Proc. 12th Ann. Int'l Symp. Electronic Imaging 2000: Visual Data Exploration and Analysis, SPIE, 2000, pp. 23–28.
13. W.S. Li, J. Shim, and J.S. Candan, "WebDB: A System for Querying Semi-structured Data on the Web," J. Visual Languages and Computing, vol. 13, no. 1, 2002, pp. 3–33.
14. J. Assfalg, A. Del Bimbo, and P. Pala, "Three-Dimensional Interfaces for Querying by Example in Content-Based Image Retrieval," IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 8, no. 4, 2002, pp. 305–318.
15. J.T. Pu and K. Ramani, "A 3D Model Retrieval Method Using 2D Freehand Sketches," LNCS 3515, Springer Verlag, 2005, pp. 343–347.

Index Terms:
visualization systems, CAD, applications of visualization, interaction, user interfaces
Jiantao Pu, Yagnanarayanan Kalyanaraman, Subramaniam Jayanti, Karthik Ramani, Zygmunt Pizlo, "Navigation and Discovery in 3D CAD Repositories," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 38-47, July-Aug. 2007, doi:10.1109/MCG.2007.87
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.