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Issue No.03 - May/June (2006 vol.26)
pp: 6-9
Chris North , Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
ABSTRACT
The purpose of visualization is insight. The purpose of visualization evaluation is to determine whether visualizations are achieving their purpose. If these statements are true, then evaluating visualizations should seek to determine how well visualizations generate insight. But what, exactly, is insight? How can it be measured and evaluated? Do current approaches for evaluating visualizations provide measures of insight? This viewpoint identifies critical characteristics of insight, argues the fundamental reasons why traditional controlled experiments with benchmark tasks on visualizations do not effectively measure insight, and offers a new approach to controlled experiments that can better capture the notion of insight. The ultimate goal is a much richer view of how visualizations can achieve their purpose.
INDEX TERMS
visualization evaluation, controlled experiments, benchmark tasks, insight
CITATION
Chris North, "Toward Measuring Visualization Insight", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol.26, no. 3, pp. 6-9, May/June 2006, doi:10.1109/MCG.2006.70
REFERENCES
1. R. Amar, J. Eagan, and J. Stasko, "Low-Level Components of Analytic Activity in Information Visualization," Proc. IEEE Symp. Information Visualization, IEEE Press, 2005, pp. 111–117.
2. C. Plaisant, "The Challenge of Information Visualization Evaluation," Proc. Working Conf. Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI), ACM Press, 2004 pp. 109–116.
3. M. Tory and T. Möller, "Human Factors In Visualization Research," IEEE Trans. Visualization and Computer Graphics, vol. 10, no. 1, 2004, pp. 72–84.
4. C. Chen and Y. Yu, "Empirical Studies of Information Visualization: A Meta-Analysis," Int'l J. Human— Computer Studies, vol. 53, no. 5, 2000, pp. 851–866.
5. P. Saraiya, C. North, and K. Duca, "An Insight-Based Methodology for Evaluating Bioinformatics Visualizations," IEEE Trans. Visualizations and Computer Graphics, vol. 11, no. 4, 2005, pp. 443–456.
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