This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Developing the VRML 97 International Standard
March/April 1999 (vol. 19 no. 2)
pp. 52-58
International standards for information technology increasingly are developed by standards committees in partnership with industry consortia. VRML provides a good illustration of this. The early stages of development, which took place within the VRML community, included an open Request for Proposals, debate over the relative merits of the submissions using an Internet e-mail discussion list, and selection of a winner. The final stages of development involved a cooperative effort between the International Standards and VRML communities. This development methodology applies widely development of future information technology standards.

1. VRML Consortium, the International Organization for Standardization, and the International Electrotechnical Commission, The Virtual Reality Modeling Language, ISO/IEC IS 14772-1, Dec. 1997, http://www.vrml.orgSpecifications.
2. M. Pesce, P. Kennard, and A. Parisi, Cyberspace, May 1994, http://www.hyperreal.org/~mpescewww.html .
3. J. Wernecke, The Inventor Mentor: Programming Object Oriented 3D Graphics with Open Inventor, Release 2, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1994.
4. J. Hartman and J. Wernecke, The VRML 2.0 Handbook, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1996.
5. "ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 24/N1575, Minutes of the CGM Rapporteur Group Meeting,"Kyoto Japan,14-18 June 1996.
6. "ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 24/N1630, Cooperative Working Agreement between SC 24 and VRML Architecture Group," Aug.5 1996 (revised as N 1773 on 13 August 1997).
7. ISO and IEC, "Procedures for the Technical Work of ISO/IEC JTC 1 on Information Technology,"Geneva, Switzerland, third edition, 1995, http://www.iso.ch/dire/jtc1directives.html .
8. "ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 24/N1666, Disposition of Comments Report on ISO/IEC CD 14772: Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML)," SC 24 N 1596, April24 1997.
9. ISO and IEC, "ISO/IEC Directives, Part 3, Rules for the Structure and Drafting of International Standards," Third Edition, 1997, ftp://ftp.iec.ch/pubcontents.html.
10. VRML Architecture Group, ISO, and IEC, "The Virtual Reality Modeling Language Specification, Version 2.0," ISO/IEC CD 14772-1, Aug.4 1996.
11. "ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 24/N1797, Summary of Voting and Comments Received on ISO/IEC DIS 14772-1: Virtual Reality Modeling Language," Nov.12 1997.
12. R. Carey and G. Bell, The Annotated VRML 2.0 Reference Manual, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1997.

Citation:
George S. Carson, Richard F. Puk, Rikk Carey, "Developing the VRML 97 International Standard," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 52-58, March-April 1999, doi:10.1109/38.749123
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.