The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Issue No.01 - January/February (1999 vol.19)
pp: 46-55
This article addresses the fundamentals of geometry-based watermarking. It investigates the application-driven requirements and presents a watermarking algorithm that uses modification of normal distribution to invisibly store information in the geometry of the model. The algorithm is suitable for embedding private watermarks.
Oliver Benedens, "Geometry-Based Watermarking of 3D Models", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol.19, no. 1, pp. 46-55, January/February 1999, doi:10.1109/38.736468
1. E. Koch and J. Zhao, "Towards Robust and Hidden Image Copyright Labeling," Proc. 1995 IEEE Workshop on Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing, June 1995, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos, Calif., pp. 452-455.
2. J. Zhao and E. Koch, "A Digital Watermarking System for Multimedia Copyright Protection," Proc. ACM Multimedia 96, ACM Press, New York, Nov. 1996, pp. 443-444.
3. A.G. Bors and I. Pitas, "Image Watermarking using DCT Domain Constraints," IEEE Int. Conf. on Image Processing, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N.J., 1996, pp. 231-234.
4. I. Cox et al., "Secure Spread Spectrum Watermarking for Images, Audio, and Video," IEEE Int. Conf. on Image Processing, Vol. 3, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N.J., 1996, pp. 243-246.
5. B. Hartung, F. Hartung, and B. Girod, "Digital Watermarking of Raw and Compressed Video," Proc. European EOS/SPIE Symp. Advanced Imaging and Network Technologies, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, Bellingham, Wash., 1996.
6. L. Boney, A.I. Tewfik, and K.I. Hamdy, "Digital Watermarks for Audio Signals," Proc. EUSIPCO 96, Vol. III, VIII European Signal Processing Conf., 1996, pp. 1697-1700.
7. R. Ohbuchi, H. Masuda, and N. Aono, "Watermarking Three-Dimensional Polygonal Models," ACM Multimedia 97, 1997, ACM Press, New York, pp. 261-272.
8. B.K. Horn, Robot Vision. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986.
9. K. Ikeuchi, Determining Attitude of Object from Needle Map Using Extended Gaussian Image, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, A.I. Memo No. 714, Cambridge, Mass., April 1983.
10. W.H. Press, S.A. Teukolsky, W.T. Vetterling, and B.P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes in C, second ed. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1992.
11. J. Doellner and K. Hinrichs MAM/VRS—, The Modeling and Animation Machine/Virtual Renderings System application V. 2.0, info/umam.
12. J. Cohen, A. Varshney, D. Manocha, G. Turk, H. Weber, P. Agarwal, F.P. Brooks Jr., and W.V. Wright, "Simplification Envelopes," Computer Graphics Proc. Ann. Conf. Series (Proc. Siggraph '96), pp. 119-128, 1996.
13. Simplification Envelopes V. 1.2 implementation, .
14. Tessel application V. 2.0, tesseltessel.html.
274 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool