Issue No.04 - July-August (1997 vol.17)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/38.595266
Most people who work with large amounts of information use special-purpose applications, each with its own customized visualizations, operations, and interfaces. In domains like transportation scheduling and tracking (which the authors have been using as a test case), analysts use one system to generate and display shipping schedules, another to track the location of cargo in transit, and a third to manage warehouse inventory and requisition handling. Each application provides operations and visualizations appropriate to the specific data analysis tasks it supports, but there is rarely any general mechanism for exploring relationships among the data used among a suite of applications. Users of such stove-pipe systems are often unable to explore important relationships in their data. For example, it is very difficult for transportation planners to use existing systems to explore the relationship between the locations where supplies are stored, the people who order them, and when they are scheduled to be shipped.
John Kolojejchick, Steven F. Roth, Peter Lucas, "Information Appliances and Tools in Visage", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol.17, no. 4, pp. 32-41, July-August 1997, doi:10.1109/38.595266