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GKS-94: An Overview
November 1995 (vol. 15 no. 6)
pp. 64-71
The Graphical Kernel System (GKS), published in 1985, was the first ISO standard for computer graphics programming. The first revision of GKS, termed GKS-94 was completed during 1994 and the new standard (ISO/IEC 7942-1:1994) was published in November 1994. This paper summarizes the major features of the revision and describes the results of one experimental implementation of part of the new functionality.

1. P. Nehlig and D.A. Duce, “GKS Review Workshop,” Computer Graphics Forum, Vol. 6, No. 4, Dec. 1987, pp. 367-369.
2. K.W. Brodlie, D.A. Duce, and F.R.A. Hopgood, “The New Graphical Kernel System,” Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 23, No. 4, May 1991, pp. 312-318.
3. K.W. Brodlie, L.R. Henderson, and A.M. Mumford, “The CGM—A Metafile for GKS?” Computer Graphics Forum, Vol. 6, No. 2, May 1987, pp. 87-90.
4. P. Nehlig and D.A. Duce, “Information Technology—Computer graphics—Metafile for the Storage and Transfer of Picture Description Information,” Tech. Report ISO/IEC 8632, ISO Central Secretariat, Geneva, 1992.
5. K.W. Brodlie, M.C. Maguire, and G. Pfaff, “A Practical Strategy for Certifying GKS Implementations,” Computers and Graphics, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1984, pp. 125-133
6. P. Nehlig and D.A. Duce, “GKS-9x: The Design Output Primitive—An Approach to a Specification,” Computer Graphics Forum, Vol. 13, No. 3, 1994, pp. C381-C392.
7. L.B. Damnjanovic, D.A. Duce, and S.K. Robinson, “GKS-9x: Some Implementation Considerations,” Computer Graphics Forum, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1993, pp. C295-C313.
8. L.B. Damnjanovic and D.A. Duce, “GKS-9x: An Experimental Application,” Tech. Report RAL-93-088, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX, UK, 1993.

Index Terms:
graphics standards, GKS, GKS-94, ISO/IEC 7942-1, Graphical Kernel System
Citation:
Ken W. Brodlie, Ljiljana B. Damnjanovic, David A. Duce, F. Robert A. Hopgood, "GKS-94: An Overview," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 15, no. 6, pp. 64-71, Nov. 1995, doi:10.1109/38.469513
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