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Issue No.05 - September (1995 vol.15)
pp: 22-30
ABSTRACT
Force feedback can be thought of as a concept that was motivated by the phenomenon of contact. Efforts were made to describe cross sections in interfaces and methodologies to realize force feedback from differences in the cross sections. Based on this discussion, the concept of Surface Display was developed, and technical issues and solutions for technical issues were suggested. The concept of Surface Display is an idea which presents the surface of a virtual object to the user, rather than the sensation of force or tactile sense caused by contact with a virtual object. The prototype device consisted of a mechanism which forms arbitrary surfaces and uses sensors to measure the force affected on the surface. Control and calculation methods for this device were also implemented. The system was then evaluated through experiments using subjects.
INDEX TERMS
virtual reality, haptic interfaces, force feedback
CITATION
Koichi Hirota, "Providing Force Feedback in Virtual Environments", IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol.15, no. 5, pp. 22-30, September 1995, doi:10.1109/38.403824
REFERENCES
1. K. Shimoga, “A Study of Perceptual Feedback Issues in Dexterous Telemanipulation,” Proc. Virtual Reality Annual Int’l Symp., IEEE Press, Piscataway, N.J., 1993, pp. 263-279.
2. K. Hirota and M. Hirose, “Development of Surface Display,” Proc. Virtual Reality Annual Int’l Symp., IEEE IEEE Press, Piscataway, N.J., 1993, pp. 256-262.
3. K. Hirota and M. Hirose, “Simulation and Presentation of Curved Surface in Virtual Reality Environment,” Proc. Virtual Reality Annual Int’l Symp., IEEE CS Press, Los Alamitos, Calif., 1995, pp. 211-216.
4. “Graphics Library Programming Guide,” Silicon Graphics Inc., Mountain View, Calif., 1991.
5. W. McNeely, “Robotic Graphics: A New Approach to Force Feedback for Virtual Reality,” Proc. VRAIS, IEEE Press, Piscataway, N.J., 1993, pp. 336-341.
6. S. Tachi et al., “A Construction Method of Virtual Haptic Space,” Proc. Int’l Conf. Artificial Reality and Tele-existence,Nikkei, Tokyo, 1994, pp. 131-138.
7. K. Hirota and M. Hirose, “Surface Display: A Force Feedback System Simulating the Surface of an Object,” Proc. Int’l Workshop Robot and Human Communication, IEEE Press, New York, 1994, pp. 251-254.
8. F. Brooks, Jr. et al., “Project GROPE—Haptic Displays for Scientific Visualization,” Computer Graphics, Vol. 24, No. 4, Aug. 1990, pp. 177-185.
9. H. Iwata, “Artificial Reality with Force Feedback: Development of Desktop Virtual Space with Compact Master Manipulator,” Computer Graphics, Vol. 24, No. 4, Aug. 1990, pp. 165-170.
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