This Article 
 Bibliographic References 
 Add to: 
A Shading Model for Cloth Objects
November/December 1992 (vol. 12 no. 6)
pp. 15-24

A fundamental light reflection model that takes into account the internal structure of cloth to render the peculiar gloss of cloth objects is presented. In developing this model, the microscopic structure of textiles was considered. The model represents fabric features such as fiber's cross-sectional shape or weave. By measuring the reflected light intensity from actual cloth objects of several typical materials, it was verified that the model can express the properties of several kinds of cloth, and the parameters in the model were defined.

1. T. Whitted, "An Improved Illumination Model for Shaded Display,"Comm. ACM, Vol. 23, No. 6, June 1980, pp. 343- 349.
2. S. Yokoi, K. Kurashige, and J. Toriwaki, "Rendering Gems with Asterism or Chatoyancy."The Visual Computer, Vol. 2. No. 5, Oct. 1986, pp. 307-312.
3. J. Bloomenthal, "Modeling the Mighty Maple,"Computer Graphics(Proc. Siggraph), Vol. 19, No. 3, July 1985, pp. 305-312.
4. D.R. Peachey, "Solid Texturing of Complex Surfaces,"Computer Graphics(Proc. Siggraph), Vol. 19, No. 3, July 1985, pp. 279-286.
5. G.Y. Gardner, "Visual Simulation of Clouds,"Computer Graphics(Proc. Siggraph), Vol. 19, No. 3, July 1985, pp. 297-304.
6. S.M. Platt and N.L. Badler, "Animating Facial Expressions,"Computer Graphics(Proc. Siggraph), Vol. 19, No. 3, Aug. 1981, pp. 245-252.
7. J. Weil, "Synthesis of Cloth Object,"Computer Graphics(Proc. Siggraph), Vol. 20, No. 4. Aug. 1986, pp. 49-54.
8. D. Terzopoulos and A. Witkin, "Physically Based Models with Rigid and Deformable Components."IEEE CG&A, Vol. 8, No. 6, Nov. 1988, pp. 41-51.
9. M. Aono, "A Wrinkle Propagation Model for Cloth,"Computer Graphics International 90, Springer-Verlag, Tokyo, pp. 95-115.
10. T.L. Kunii and H. Gotoda, "Singularity Theoretical Modeling and Animation of Garment Wrinkle Formation Processes,"The Visual Computer, Vol. 6, No. 6, Dec. 1990, pp. 326-336.
11. D. Breen, D. House, and P. Getto, "A Particle-Based Computational Model of Cloth Draping Behavior,"Computer Graphics International 91, Springer-Verlag, Tokyo, pp. 113-134.
12. H. Kimoto and Y. Ohno, "A Rendering Technique for Obtaining the Impression of Cloth Using Texture Mapping,"Proc. 37th Nat'l Conf. Information Processing Society, Information Processing Society, Japan, 1988, pp. 1685-1686 (in Japanese).
13. J.F. Blinn and M.E. Newell, "Texture and Reflection in Computer Generated Images,"Comm. ACM, Vol. 10, No. 10, Oct. 1976, pp. 542-547.
14. A. Takagi et al., "Comment on the Anisotropic Reflection Model,"Bull. SIG Graphics and CAD, Information Processing Society, Japan, Vol. 11, No. 1. Oct. 1983, pp. 1-9 (in Japanese).
15. K. Inagaki,Study of Textile Gloss, doctoral dissertation, Tokyo Inst. of Technology, Tokyo, 1979 (in Japanese).

Takami Yasuda, Shigeki Yokoi, Jun-ichiro Toriwaki, "A Shading Model for Cloth Objects," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 15-24, Nov.-Dec. 1992, doi:10.1109/38.163621
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.