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Facial Surface Scanner
November/December 1991 (vol. 11 no. 6)
pp. 72-80

An optical noncontact 3-D digitizing system developed to acquire, process, display, and replicate the surface of the human head is described. The modification of the digitizer to help plan and evaluate facial plastic surgery is discussed. The quality and accuracy of the images produced are examined, and some medically relevant results are considered.

1. J.R. Grindon,Optical Means for Making Measurements of Surface Contours, U.S. Patent No. 4,846,577, issued July 11, 1989.
2. J.R. Grindon,Means for Projecting Patterns of Light, U.S. Patent No. 4,871,256, issued Oct. 3, 1989.
3. P. Besl, "Active, optical range imaging sensors,"Machine Vision Applications, vol. 1, pp. 127-152, 1988.
4. J.R. Grindon, "Noncontact 3D Surface Digitization of the Human Head,"NCGA Conf. Proc., Vol. 1, April 1989, pp. 132-141.
5. G. Bhatia, A. Godhwani, and J.R. Grindon, "Optimal 3D Surface Metrology-Localization of Fiducial Points,"IEEE Proc. Southeastcon 91, Vol. 2, 1991, pp. 925-930.
6. R.A. Robb et al., "Analyze: A Comprehensive Operator-Interactive Software Package for Multidimensional Medical Image Display and Anlaysis,"Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, Vol. 13, 1989, pp. 433-454.

Citation:
Michael W. Vannier, Tom Pilgram, Gulab Bhatia, Barry Brunsden, Paul Commean, "Facial Surface Scanner," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 72-80, Nov.-Dec. 1991, doi:10.1109/38.103396
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