This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
3-Draw: A Tool for Designing 3D Shapes
November/December 1991 (vol. 11 no. 6)
pp. 18-26

A fundamentally new type of CAD system for designing shape that is intuitive, easy to use, and powerful is presented. It is based on a paradigm that can be described as designing directly in 3-D. By virtue of two hand-held sensors, designers using 3-Draw to sketch their ideas in the air feel as if they're actually holding and working on objects. Current design practice and related work are reviewed, and current work on 3-Draw is summarized. To capture the flavor of 3-Draw, construction of a sample model of a 12-m yacht is described. 3-Draw's features and data structures are discussed.

1. R. Brooks, "Model Based 3D Interpretation of 2D Images," inFrom Pixels to Predicates, A. Pentland, ed., Ablex Publishing, Norwood N.J., 1985.
2. A.P. Pentland, "Toward an Ideal 3D CAD System,"Image Understanding and the Man-Machine Interface, Vol. 758, SPIE, 1987, pp. 165-171.
3. A. P. Pentland, "Perceptual organization and the representation of natural form,"Artificial Intell., vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 293-331, 1986.
4. A.P. Pentland and J. Kou, "The Artist at the Interface," Tech. Report 114, MIT Media Lab Vision Sciences, Jan. 1989.
5. J.H. Clark, "Designing Surfaces in 3D,"Comm. ACM, Vol. 19, No. 8, Aug. 1976, pp. 454-460.
6. L.G. Roberts, "The Lincoln Wand," MIT Lincoln Laboratories Report, Lexington, Mass., 1966.
7. J.D. Foley, "Interfaces for Advanced Computing,"Scientific American, Vol. 257, No. 4, Oct. 1987, pp. 126-135.
8. NASA Tech. Briefs, Aug. 1989.
9. F.H. Rabb et al., "Magnetic Position and Orientation Tracking System,"IEEE Trans. Aerospace and Electronic Systems, AE5-15, No. 5, Sept. 1979, pp. 709-717.
10. C. Ware and D.R. Jessome, "Using the Bat: A Six-Dimensional Mouse for Object Placement,"IEEE CG&A, Vol. 8, No. 6, Nov. 1988, pp. 65-70.
11. C. Schmandt, "Spatial Input/Display Correspondence in a Stereoscopic Computer Graphic Work Station,"Computer Graphics(Proc. SIGGRAPH), Vol. 17, No. 3, July 1983, pp. 251-261.
12. T.D. DeRose, "Interactive Surface Modeling in the 3D Design Space,"NSF Design and Manufacturing Systems Conf., Jan. 1990, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Dearborn, Mich., pp. 1-7.
13. M. E. Mortenson,Geometric Modeling. New York: Wiley, 1985.

Citation:
Emanuel Sachs, Andrew Roberts, David Stoops, "3-Draw: A Tool for Designing 3D Shapes," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 11, no. 6, pp. 18-26, Nov.-Dec. 1991, doi:10.1109/38.103389
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.