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Color-Defective Vision and Computer Graphics Displays
September/October 1988 (vol. 8 no. 5)
pp. 28-40

A color space defined by the fundamental spectral sensitivity functions of the human visual system is used to assist in the design of computer graphics displays for color-deficient users. The functions are derived in terms of the CIE standard observer color-matching functions. The Farnsworth-Munsell 100-hue test, a widely used color vision test administered using physical color samples, is then implemented on a digitally controlled color television monitor. The flexibility of this computer graphics medium is then used to extend the Farnsworth-Munsell test in a way that improves the specificity of the diagnoses rendered by the test. The issue of how the world appears to color-deficient observers is addressed, and a full-color image is modified to represent a color-defective view of the scene. Specific guidelines are offered for the design of computer graphics displays that will accommodate almost all color-deficient users.

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Gary W. Meyer, Donald P. Greenberg, "Color-Defective Vision and Computer Graphics Displays," IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 28-40, Sept.-Oct. 1988, doi:10.1109/38.7759
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