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Appropriation and Independence: BTM,Burroughs, and IBM at the Advent of the Computer Industry
Oct.-Dec. 2013 (vol. 35 no. 4)
pp. 5-17
Jeffrey R. Yost, Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Comparisons between the early British and US computer industries invariably have focused on the differential development of the British Tabulating Machine Company (BTM) and IBM. In this article, the author seeks to refocus examination of BTM (and comparisons of it to IBM) within the context of an American competitor somewhat similar in size, customer base, and organizational capabilities in electronics to BTM: Burroughs Corporation. The cases of BTM and Burroughs demonstrate the complexity of coordinating international R&D joint ventures, the struggle to create advanced products in an emerging technology while preserving existing revenue streams, and the cultural and technical hurdles involved in assimilating R&D resources from acquisitions in a rapidly changing technologically based industry.
Index Terms:
research and development,cultural aspects,DP industry,organisational aspects,technologically based industry,BTM,British Tabulating Machine Company,IBM,US computer industries,British computer industries,United States,customer base,industry size,organizational capabilities,Burroughs Corporation,international R and D joint ventures,research and development,revenue streams,emerging technology,cultural hurdles,technical hurdles,Business,Companies,Consumer electronics,Marketing and sales,Computer industry,business machinery,Business,Companies,Consumer electronics,Marketing and sales,Computer industry,history of business computing,history of computing,IBM,British Tabulating Machine Company,BTM,Burroughs
Citation:
Jeffrey R. Yost, "Appropriation and Independence: BTM,Burroughs, and IBM at the Advent of the Computer Industry," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 5-17, Oct.-Dec. 2013, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2013.32
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