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Issue No.01 - Jan.-March (2013 vol.35)
pp: 56-66
ABSTRACT
Geoffrey W.A. Dummer of the British Royal Radar Establishment (RRE) described his idea of semiconductor "solid circuits" at a conference in Washington, DC in 1952. Dummer foresaw the future of microcircuitry, but due to inadequate funding, lack of access to necessary expertise, and skepticism by potential customers, the RRE project to construct the first integrated circuit was doomed to failure.
INDEX TERMS
Radar equipment, Semiconductor devices, Integrated circuits, Electron tubes, Transistors, Integrated circuit reliability, RRE, Geoffrey W.A. Dummer, semiconductor, solid circuits, microcircuit, British Royal Radar Establishment
CITATION
Mike Green, "Dummer's Vision of Solid Circuits at the UK Royal Radar Establishment", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.35, no. 1, pp. 56-66, Jan.-March 2013, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2011.64
REFERENCES
1. G.W.A. Dummer, "A Review of British Work on Microminiaturization Techniques," Electronics Reliability & Microminiaturization, vol. 1, 1962, p. 39.
2. G.W.A. Dummer and J.W. Granville, Miniature and Microminiature Electronics, Wiley, 1961, p. 263.
3. M. Dummer, The Family of Dummer, 7th ed., June 2005. This is a privately published genealogy document produced by Michael Dummer. According to the WorldCat website, copies are in the Library of Congress and the British Library.
4. G.W.A. Dummer, "Future Electronic Components," Wireless World, Dec. 1958, p. 591.
5. G.W.A. Dummer, "A History of Microelectronics Development at the Royal Radar Establishment," Microelectronics Reliability, vol. 4, no. 2, 1965, p. 195.
6. G.W.A. Dummer, Electronic Inventions and Discoveries, 4th ed., Pergamon Press, 1997, p. 11.
7. G.W.A. Dummer, "Integrated Electronics: A Historical Introduction," Electronics and Power, Mar. 1967, p. 73.
8. R. Dettmer, "Prophet of the Integrated Circuit," Electronics and Power, Apr. 1984, p. 281.
9. Dummer, "A Review of British Work on Microminiaturization Techniques," p. 41.
10. Dummer, "A History of Microelectronics Development at the Royal Radar Establishment," p. 196.
11. G.W.A. Dummer, Electronic Inventions and Discoveries, 2nd ed., Pergamon Press, 1978, p. 135.
12. Dummer, "A Review of British Work on Microminiaturization Techniques," pp. 51–52.
13. Dummer, "A Review of British Work on Microminiaturization Techniques," p. 40.
14. G.W.A Dummer, "Solid Circuits," Wireless World, Nov. 1957, p. 516.
15. Dummer, "A Review of British Work on Microminiaturization Techniques," p. 51.
16. Dummer, Electronic Inventions and Discoveries, 2nd ed., 1978, p. 143.
17. Dummer Electronic Inventions and Discoveries, 4th ed., p. 9.
18. Dummer, "A History of Microelectronics Development at the Royal Radar Establishment," p. 216.
19. Dummer, "A Review of British Work on Microminiaturization Techniques," pp. 40–41.
20. Dummer, "Integrated Electronics: A Historical Introduction," p. 74.
21. G.W.A. Dummer and R.C. Wilton, An Elementary Guide to Reliability, Pergamon Press, 1990, p. 21.
22. Dummer Electronic Inventions and Discoveries, 4th ed., p. vii.
23. J. Kilby interviewed by M. Green, EDN,24 June 2005.
24. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 23, no. 7, 1976, p. 649.
25. Dettmer, "Prophet of the Integrated Circuit," p. 281.
26. C. Lecuyer, Making Silicon Valley, MIT Press, 2006, p. 253.
27. Dummer, Electronic Inventions and Discoveries, 2nd ed., 1978, p. 16.
28. G. Berman, "Defence Expenditure Records (SN/SG/113)," Library of House of Commons, Oct. 2009.
29. S. Dagget, "Defence Budget," Congressional Research Service, Mar. 2002.
30. N. Kelly, "Military Expenditure," Stockholm Int'l Peace Research Inst., 2009.
31. Dummer, Electronic Inventions and Discoveries, 2nd ed., 1978, p. 1.
32. IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, vol. 23, no. 7, 1976, p. 654.
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