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Issue No.04 - Oct.-Dec. (2012 vol.34)
pp: 18-29
Martin Campbell-Kelly , Warwick University
ABSTRACT
This article describes the origins and development of the relational database management systems (RDBMS) industry, focusing on the firms IBM, Oracle, Ingres, Informix, and Sybase in the 1980s. The author analyzes the industry's evolution in terms of the disruptive technology paradigm and regional economics and then broadly outlines the industry's later development.
INDEX TERMS
History, Software development, Relational databases, Companies, Economics, Database systems, Sybase, history of computing, relational databases, software industry, IBM, Oracle, Ingres, Informix
CITATION
Martin Campbell-Kelly, "The RDBMS Industry: A Northern California Perspective", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.34, no. 4, pp. 18-29, Oct.-Dec. 2012, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2012.49
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26. See for example D.L. Stearns, Electronic Value Exchange: Origins of the VISA Electronic Payment System, Springer, 2011.
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31. S.W. Martin, The Real Story of Informix Software and Phil White: Lessons in Business and Leadership for the Executive Team, Sand Hill Publishing, 2005.
32. Apart from Intel, the dedicated RDBMS hardware firms also mostly survived in the database market. The most successful was Teradata, which acquired Britton-Lee in 1990. Tandem Computers was acquired by Hewlett Packard in 1997, and "HP Integrity NonStop" remains an important brand. Intel withdrew from database machines (and its other specialized architectures) in the late 1980s to focus on the burgeoning PC sector.
33. M. Campbell-Kelly and D.D. Garcia-Swartz, "The Move to the Middle: Convergence of the Open-Source and Proprietary Software Industries," Int'l J. Economics of Business, vol. 17, no. 2, 2010, pp. 223–252.
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