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Industrial Research in Microcircuitry at RCA: The Early Years, 1953–1963
Jan.-March 2012 (vol. 34 no. 1)
pp. 60-73
Richard W. Ahrons, Dacon Associates
David Laws, Computer History Museum, Mountain View

RCA had an established research capability and transistor manufacturing facility in place during the early years of the semiconductor industry. Its early microcircuit research—including Torkel Wallmark's work using the bipolar unijunction transistor in the late 1950s, Paul Weimer's thin-film transistor, and Steve Hofstein's metal-oxide silicon transistor—led to RCA's pioneering effort in the production of complementary (CMOS) silicon integrated circuits in the late 1960s and 1970s.

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Index Terms:
history of computing, Ahrons, Burns, CMOS, Hofstein, Herzog, integrated circuit, Johnson, memory, MOS, Radio Corporation of America, RCA , Stanley, UJT, Wallmark, Weimer
Richard W. Ahrons, David Laws, "Industrial Research in Microcircuitry at RCA: The Early Years, 1953–1963," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 60-73, Jan.-March 2012, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2011.62
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