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Issue No.03 - July-September (2011 vol.33)
pp: 46-54
Stephen Berard , Microsoft
Marla Sanchez , Carnegie Mellon University
Henry Wong , Intel
ABSTRACT
<p>The electrical efficiency of computation has doubled roughly every year and a half for more than six decades, a pace of change comparable to that for computer performance and electrical efficiency in the microprocessor era. These efficiency improvements enabled the creation of laptops, smart phones, wireless sensors, and other mobile computing devices, with many more such innovations yet to come. The Web Extra appendix outlines the data and methods used in this study.</p>
INDEX TERMS
history of computing, electrical efficiency, power usage, computer performance, Moore's law, mobile computing
CITATION
Stephen Berard, Marla Sanchez, Henry Wong, "Implications of Historical Trends in the Electrical Efficiency of Computing", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.33, no. 3, pp. 46-54, July-September 2011, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2010.28
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10. All doubling times in the text are derived from the regression analyses described and documented in the Web Extra appendix and Table S1. See http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109 MAHC.2010.28.
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21. M. Bohr, "A 30 Year Retrospective on Dennard's MOSFET Scaling Paper," IEEE Solid-State Circuits Newsletter, vol. 12, no. 1, 2007, pp. 11–13.
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