The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.01 - January (2010 vol.32)
pp: 60-74
David A. Laws , Computer History Museum
ABSTRACT
<p>Founded in 1957 by eight dissidents from Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory, Fairchild Semiconductor developed some of the most important innovations in 20th century technology and sowed the seeds of the microelectronic-driven computer industry of today. This article surveys some of the key personalities who worked at the company and describes their technological and management contributions.</p>
INDEX TERMS
Fairchild, Hoerni, integrated circuit, Microelectronics, Moore, Noyce, Planar, Semiconductor, Silicon Valley
CITATION
David A. Laws, "A Company of Legend: The Legacy of Fairchild Semiconductor", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.32, no. 1, pp. 60-74, January 2010, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2010.12
REFERENCES
1. M.S. Malone, "Bill & Dave: How Hewlett and Packard Built the World's Greatest Company," Portfolio,5 Apr. 2007.
2. G. Moore, "The Accidental Entrepreneur," Eng. & Science, vol. lvii, no. 4, 1994.
3. D.C. Hoefler, "Semiconductor Family Tree," Electronic News,8 Jul. 1968.
4. "Successful Test of Wireless 'Phone," San Francisco Examiner,30 Aug. 1908.
5. T. Lewis, Empire of the Air: The Men Who Made Radio, HarperCollins, 1991.
6. G.B. Greb and M. Adams, Charles Herrold: Inventor of Radio Broadcasting, McFarland & Company, 2003.
7. C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley, MIT Press, 2006.
8. C. Lécuyer, "Technology and Entrepreneurship in Silicon Valley," 2001; http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/ articles/leuyerindex.html.
9. M. Riordan and L. Hoddeson, Crystal Fire: The Birth of the Information Age, W.W. Norton, 1997.
10. The Silicon Valley Index 2003, Silicon Valley Network, 2004.
11. L. Berlin, The Man behind the Microchip, Oxford Univ. Press, 2005.
12. M. Riordan, "The Silicon Dioxide Solution," IEEE Spectrum, Dec. 2007.
13. G.E. Moore, "The Role of Fairchild in Silicon Technology," Proc. IEEE, vol. 86, no. 1, 1998.
14. C.T. Sah, "Evolution of the MOS Transistor: From Conception to VLSI," Proc. IEEE, vol. 76, no. 10, 1988.
15. G.W.A. Dummer, "Progress in Quality Electronic Components," Proc. Inst. Radio and Eng. (IRE), IEEE Press, 1952.
16. R.K. Bassett, To the Digital Age, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2002.
17. G. Rostky, "30 Who Made a Difference," Electronic Buyer's News, no. 615A, Sept. 1988.
18. R. Noyce interview by M. Wolff IEEE History Center, Rutgers Univ., 1975.
19. , J. Last and the Micrologic Development Team, Computer History Museum video oral histories, 2007.
20. E.C. Hall, Journey to the Moon: The History of the Apollo Guidance Computer, American Inst. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1996.
21. F.M. Wanlass and C.T. Sah, "Nanowatt Logic Using Field-Effect Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Triodes," Proc. Int'l Solid-State Circuits Conf. (ISSCC) Digest of Technical Papers, IEEE Press, vol. VI, 1963, pp. 32–33.
22. W. Aspray, "The Intel 4004 Microprocessor: What Constituted Invention?" IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 19, no. 3, 1997, pp. 4–15.
23. P. Swann and J. Gill, Corporate Vision and Rapid Technological Change: The Evolution of Market Structure, Routledge, 1993, pp. 139–156.
24. H.W. Ruegg and R.H. Beeson, "New Forms of 'All Transistor' Logic," tech. paper TP-21, Fairchild Semiconductor, 1961.
25. R. Walker, "Interview with Jack Gifford," Silicon Genesis,17 July 2002; http://silicongenesis.stanford.educomplete_listing.html .
26. P. Rako, "Dave Fullagar: Analog-IC Designer and Entrepreneur," EDN,22 Nov. 2007.
27. G. Moore, "Cramming More Components onto Integrated Circuits," Electronics Magazine, vol. 38, no. 8, 1965.
28. "No Goodbyes for World's Mr. Chips," The Observer,8 Aug. 1999.
29. R. Walker, "Interview with Gordon E. Moore," Silicon Genesis,3 Mar. 1995; http://silicongenesis. stanford.educomplete_listing.html .
30. R.M. Hord, The Illiac IV: The First Supercomputer, Computer Science Press, 1982.
31. W.D. Baker and D.A. Laws, "The Isoplanar Process," tech. report, Fairchild Semiconductor, 1971.
32. R. Walker, "Interview with Jim Koford," Silicon Genesis,15 May 1990; http://silicongenesis.stanford.educomplete_listing.html .
33. "New Product Applications: First Commercial CCD Unveiled, A 1x500-Element Image Sensor," IEEE Spectrum, vol. 10, no. 6, 1973.
34. W. Wachorst, "The Real Revolutionaries," Gentry Magazine, Feb. 2008, pp. 52–59.
35. P. Hall, Cities in Civilisation: Culture, Innovation and Urban Order, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1998.
70 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool