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Issue No.02 - April-June (2009 vol.31)
pp: 82-86
David P. Anderson , University of Portsmouth
David P. Anderson, "Biographies: Tom Kilburn: A Pioneer of Computer Design", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.31, no. 2, pp. 82-86, April-June 2009, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2009.32
1. M. Wilkes and H.J. Kahn, "Tom Kilburn CBE FREng. 11 August 1921–17 January 2001," Biographical Memoirs of the Fellows of the Royal Society, The Royal Soc. London, 2003, pp. 283-297.
2. Geoff Tootill was Christ's College representative for the New Pythagoreans and president of the Archimedeans, and Gordon Welchman was a student at Sydney Sussex College and honorary vice president of the New Pythagoreans.
3. D.P. Anderson, "Newman: Topologist, Codebreaker and Pioneer of Computing," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 29, no. 3, 2007, pp. 76-81.
4. Kilburn and Tootill were also students in some of Newman's classes.
5. G. Bowker and R. Giordano, "Interview with Tom Kilburn," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 15, no. 5, 1993, pp. 17-32.
6. Originally trained as a chemist at Leicester and a physicist at Cambridge, Charles Percy Snow (Baron Snow of Leicester) was mid-way through his four years of service as technical director of the Ministry of Labor at the time of this talk.
7. D.P. Anderson, "Frederic Calland Williams: The Manchester Baby's Chief Engineer," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 29, no. 4, 2007, pp. 90-102.
8. T. Kilburn, "From Cathode Ray Tube to Ferranti Mark I Resurrection," Resurrection: The Bulletin of the Computer Conservation Society, vol. 1, no. 2, 1990, pp. 16-20.
9. D.P. Anderson, "Was the Manchester Baby Conceived at Bletchley Park?" Proc. Electronic Workshops Computing, British Computer Soc., 2007; ewic_tur04_paper3.pdf .
10. D.P. Anderson, "The Contribution of M.H.A. Newman and his Mathematicians to the Creation of the Manchester 'Baby,'" The British Society for the History of Mathematics Bulletin, vol. 24, no. 1, 2009, pp. 27-39.
11. D.P. Anderson, "Patrick Blackett: Physicist, Radical, and Chief Architect of the Manchester Computing Phenomenon," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 29, no. 3, 2007, pp. 82-85.
12. Actually, the process involved developing a series of successively more complex prototype machines.
13. E.M. Dunstan also joined in 1954 and worked on drum storage.
14. S.H. Lavington, A History of Manchester Computers, 2nd ed., British Computer Soc., 1998.
15. S.H. Lavington, "The Manchester Mark I and Atlas: A Historical Perspective," Comm. ACM, vol. 21, no. 1, 1978, pp. 4-12.
16. The University Council changed the department's title from electro-technics to electrical engineering on 19 March 1948.
17. D. Morris, "Early Computers at Manchester University," Computer Resurrection, vol. 1, no. 4, 1992.
18. T. Kilburn et al., "A System Design Proposal," IFIP Congress, vol. 2, 1968, pp. 806-811. See also R.N. Ibbett, "The University of Manchester MU5 Project," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 21, no. 1, 1999, pp. 24-33.
19. Sir Maurice Wilkes, interview by D.P. Anderson, Feb. 2009. An edited version of this conversation will appear shortly in the Communications of the ACM.
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