Issue No.04 - October-December (2008 vol.30)
Corinna Schlombs , University of Pennsylvania
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2008.66
US computer manufacturers—including IBM and Remington Rand—expanded into Europe after World War II. The companies overcame resistances and adjusted to different market conditions; how they did this, and why IBM succeeded more than others, is examined here. This article argues that IBM adeptly managed—or engineered—relationships with foreign governments and stakeholders through a European-wide manufacturing system and European research laboratories.
Computer industry, computing milieux, computes and society, IBM 650, IBM 1401, Univac, markets
Corinna Schlombs, "Engineering International Expansion: IBM and Remington Rand in European Computer Markets", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.30, no. 4, pp. 42-58, October-December 2008, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2008.66