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Computers as Ethical Artifacts
July-September 2007 (vol. 29 no. 3)
pp. 88, 86-87
Nathan Ensmenger, University of Pennsylvania
Historians of computing have many ways in which they can effectively engage with the popular interest in the social dimensions of computing without compromising the scholarly integrity of our work. There are two simple ways in which historians can fruitfully and responsibly engage with social and ethical questions.

1. T. Bynum, "A Very Short History of Computer Ethics," Newsletter on Philosophy and Computing, vol. 99, no. 2,Am. Philosophical Assoc., 2000, pp. 163-165.
2. L. Winner, "Do Artifacts Have Politics?," Daedalus, vol. 109, no. 1, 1980, pp. 121-136.
3. P. Edwards, The Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America, MIT Press, 1996.
4. B. Friedman and H. Nissenbaum eds. , Human Values and the Design of Computer Technology, Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997.
5. L. Lessig, Code, and Other Laws of Cyberspace, Basic Books, 1999.

Index Terms:
computing and ethics, social implications of computing
Nathan Ensmenger, "Computers as Ethical Artifacts," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 88, 86-87, July-Sept. 2007, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2007.33
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