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Issue No.01 - January-March (2007 vol.29)
pp: 90-95
Peter Eckstein , Ann Arbor, Michigan
ABSTRACT
Peter Eckstein writes a biographical sketch of Jack Kilby, pioneering inventor of ICs.
INDEX TERMS
Jack Kilby, Texas Instruments, semiconductor, integrated circuits
CITATION
Peter Eckstein, "Jack Kilby (1923-2005)", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.29, no. 1, pp. 90-95, January-March 2007, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2007.10
REFERENCES
1. Unless otherwise noted, the sections on Jack Kilby's family and years before entering the Army are based on the author's interviews with Jack Kilby (in Dallas, Texas, 6 Nov. 1991, and by telephone 23 and 27 July 1993) and with Jane Kilby by telephone 9 Aug. 1992.
2. Kilby interview by P. Eckstein, 1991.
3. Kilby interview by P. Eckstein, 23 July 1993.
4. T.R. Reid, The Chip: How Two Americans Invented the Microchip and Launched a Revolution, Simon and Schuster, 1985, p. 58, J. Kilby, oral history interview by A.L. Norberg, 21 June 1984, CBI OH 74, Charles Babbage Inst., Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
5. Video: ABC's World News Tonight with Peter Jennings , segment on "Person of the Week," 23 Feb. 1990.
6. Kilby oral history interview by A.L. Norberg, CBI OH 74 T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, pp. 58–59.
7. Kilby interviews by P. Eckstein, 1991 and 1993 T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 59; Kilby oral history interview by A.L. Norberg, CBI OH 74.
8. T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 59.
9. Kilby oral history interview by A.L. Norberg, CBI OH 74.
10. Reid wrote that Centralab "was the only firm that offered him a job," but Kilby cited this as a rare error in the book (Kilby interview by P. Eckstein , 1991 ).
11. L. Greene, "Harry W. Rubenstein,," Computer Pioneers, Franklin Watts, 1985, pp.56–59; R. Slater "Jack Kilby: Co-Inventor of the Integrated Circuit," Portraits in Silicon, MIT Press, 1987, p. 166; M.F. Wolff "The Genesis of the Integrated Circuit," IEEE Spectrum, Aug. 1976, p. 46; T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 60.
12. T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 60.
13. T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 9.
14. M.F. Wolff, "The Genesis of the Integrated Circuit," 1976, p. 46.
15. T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, pp. 63–65; Kilby oral history interview by A.L. Norberg, CBI OH 74 J.S. Kilby "Invention of the Integrated Circuit," IEEE Trans. Electron Devices, July 1976, p. 650.
16. T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 66.
17. T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, pp. 11, 66–67,, Kilby made the original wafer not from silicon but from germanium, which was more available at TI in an appropriate form. He had concentrated on building all the components into a single chip, and the gold wires were a rather casual effort to connect them. In his patent application he suggested some alternatives, but they were much less specific than Fairchild's "planar" technique of plating the surface that Noyce used. The patent examiner gave Kilby priority on the invention, but later the patent court, impressed by Noyce's greater specificity about connections, awarded him the patent for "the chip." No one disputed that Kilby invented his IC first, or that TI's first commercial chips borrowed the plating technology developed at Fairchild. (R. Slater, "Jack Kilby: Co-Inventor of the Integrated Circuit," 1987, pp. 170–171.)
18. Kilby interview by P. Eckstein , 27 July 1993.
19. R. Slater, "Jack Kilby: Co-Inventor of the Integrated Circuit," 1987, p. 170, 172; T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 23, 62.
20. T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 194.
21. R. Slater, "Jack Kilby: Co-Inventor of the Integrated Circuit," 1987, pp. 172–173; Kilby "The Inventor's View," Chem Tech, February 1979, p.67; T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, pp. 54–55, 194.
22. T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 55.
23. J.S. Kilby, "Autobiography," Les Prix Nobel, T. Frangsmyr ed., the Nobel Prizes 2000, Nobel Foundation, 2001.
24. M.F. Wolff, "The Genesis of the Integrated Circuit," 1976, pp. 48–49; T.R. Reid, The Chip, 1985, p. 56, 194.
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