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Issue No.01 - January-March (2007 vol.29)
pp: 16-33
Zhang Jiuchun , Chinese Academy of Sciences
Zhang Baichun , Chinese Academy of Sciences
ABSTRACT
Computer science originated in the People's Republic of China in 1956 with the founding of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Computing Technology. The Soviet Union, which played a pivotal role, gave the Chinese the opportunity to learn computer science by supplying components and describing the manufacturing process. The Soviets also helped solve key difficulties and trained workers.
INDEX TERMS
computing technology, Chinese Science Planning Commission, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Computing Technology, Soviet Union, China
CITATION
Zhang Jiuchun, Zhang Baichun, "Founding of the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Institute of Computing Technology", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.29, no. 1, pp. 16-33, January-March 2007, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2007.6
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8. On 11 June 2003, author Zhang Jiuchun interviewed academician Zhang Xiaoxiang by telephone. Zhang Xiaoxiang said it was the CAS scientists—although he did not know specifically which ones—who first wanted to do computer research. Only later did the government began to think about the development of computers.
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55. Chinese Academy of Sciences, "The Summary of the Ten-Year Work of the Soviet Experts in Chinese Academy of Sciences," 17 October 1961, Documents of CAS in 1960 such as the Working Summary of Foreign Affairs, Memorabilia, Statistics and the Summary of the Ten-Year Work of the Soviet Experts, collection, file no. 4, 61-4-37, CAS archives.
56. Preparation Office of the Inst. of Computing Technology, "The Report on Extending the Period of the Soviet Experts: O.B. Shcherbakov in China," 19 Dec. 1957, "The Volume about Soviet Experts O.B. Shcherbakov, Y.D. Shmyglevsky, and Y.I. Vizuch Working in China" collection, file no. 1, Liaison Bureau of CAS, CAS archives, 58-4-69.
57. In the telephone interview on 11 June 2003, Zhang Xiaoxiang mentioned it.
58. "The Situation of Professional Work in Computing Institute in 1958," manuscript, 58-1-1, Archives of the Inst. of Computing Technology.
59. Zhang Xiaoxiang made such a comment in the author's telephone interview on 11 June 2003.
60. The 109 Model III and 119 computers played a more important role in China's industrial and national defense programs than the 107 computer.
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