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Biographies
July-September 2006 (vol. 28 no. 3)
pp. 89-95
Christophe L?cuyer, Chemical Heritage Foundation
David C. Brock, Chemical Heritage Foundation
Gordon Earle Moore, a chemist with a PhD from the California Institute of Technology, was a key figure in the development of the semiconductor industry and silicon integrated circuit technology. Moore co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor, and, subsequently, the Intel Corporation. In 1965, Moore published an observation about the exponential pace of development in integrated circuit manufacturing technology that has come to be known as "Moore's law." Moore's contributions to semiconductor devices and the semiconductor industry have had a major impact on the development of Silicon Valley as a high-technology district.

1. G. Moore, "I. Infra-Red Studies of Nitrous Acid, the Chloramines. II. Observations Concerning the Photochemical Decomposition of Nitric Oxide," doctoral dissertation, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Calif. Inst. Technology, 1954; G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, 2002–2005, Chemical Heritage Foundation (CHF); G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett, 18 Feb. 1997.
2. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett; C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley: Innovation and the Growth of High Tech, 1930–1970, MIT Press, 2006; M. Riordan and L. Hoddeson, Crystal Fire: The Birth of the Information Age, W.W. Norton, 1997.
3. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett; C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley.
4. G. Moore and R. Noyce, Method for Fabricating Transistors, US patent 3108359, to Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corporation, US Patent and Trademark Office, 1963; G. Moore, "The Role of Fairchild in Silicon Technology in the Early Days of 'Silicon Valley,'" Proc. IEEE, vol. 86, no. 1, 1998, pp. 53–62; C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley; G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett.
5. G. Moore and J. Last, interview by D. Brock and C. Lécuyer, 16 Jan. 2006, CHF; G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett; G. Moore, "The Role of Fairchild in Silicon Technology in the Early Days of 'Silicon Valley'"; and C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley.
6. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett; G. Moore, "The Role of Fairchild in Silicon Technology in the Early Days of 'Silicon Valley'"; and C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley.
7. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett; G. Moore, "The Role of Fairchild in Silicon Technology in the Early Days of 'Silicon Valley'"; R. Bassett, To the Digital Age: Research Labs, Start-Up Companies, and the Rise of MOS Technology, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 2002.
8. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett; C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley.
9. G. Moore, "Cramming More Components onto Integrated Circuits," Electronics, vol. 38, no. 8, 1965, pp. 114–117; D. Brock, ed., Understanding Moore's Law: Four Decades of Innovation, CHF, 2006.
10. G. Moore, "Progress in Digital Integrated Electronics" Technical Digest—IEEE Int'l Electron Devices Meeting, IEEE, 1975, pp. 11–13; D. Brock, ed., Understanding Moore's Law.
11. C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley; R. Bassett, To the Digital Age; G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett.
12. C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley; G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, "The Accidental Entrepreneur," Engineering and Science, vol. 57, no. 4, 1994; R. Bassett, To the Digital Age; A. Saxenian, Regional Advantage: Culture and Competition in Silicon Valley and Route 128, Harvard Univ. Press, 1994.
13. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, interview by C. Lécuyer and R. Bassett; R. Bassett, To the Digital Age; C. Lécuyer, Making Silicon Valley; L. Berlin, The Man Behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley, Oxford Univ. Press, 2005; W. Aspray, "The Intel 4004 Microprocessor: What Constituted Invention?" IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 19, no. 3, 1997, pp. 4–15.
14. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, "Accidental Entrepreneur."
15. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF; G. Moore, "Accidental Entrepreneur"; G. Moore, "Intel—Memories and the Microprocessor," Daedalus, vol. 125, no. 2, 1996, pp. 55–80.
16. D. Brock, ed., Understanding Moore's Law; G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF.
17. G. Moore, interview by A. Thackray and D. Brock, CHF.

Index Terms:
Gordon Moore, Moore's law, semiconductor industry, integrated circuit, silicon technology, silicon device manufacture, microprocessor, DRAM, chemistry, personal computer, Intel, Fairchild Semiconductor, Shockley Semiconductor
Citation:
Christophe L?cuyer, David C. Brock, "Biographies," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 89-95, July-Sept. 2006, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2006.44
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