The Community for Technology Leaders
RSS Icon
Subscribe
Issue No.01 - January-March (2006 vol.28)
pp: 6-16
Paul Castleman , BBN Technologies
ABSTRACT
Early work at BBN involved hospital computer systems, computer aids for the physician's office, data management tools for clinical research, and database and computational support for biomedical research. The work included both development of prototype systems and later deployment of commercially viable software and services. This history also notes some of the challenges of working within an R&D defense-contractor environment and then concludes with lessons learned in developing medical computer applications.
INDEX TERMS
(Bio)medical computer/software/applications, clinical research data management, medical time-sharing, commercial biomedical software, economic conversion
CITATION
Paul Castleman, "Medical Application of Computers at BBN", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.28, no. 1, pp. 6-16, January-March 2006, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2006.16
REFERENCES
1. J.J. Baruch,"Hospital Automation via Computer Time-Sharing, Computers and Biomedical Research, R.W. Stacey and B.D. Waxman, eds., Academic Press, 1965, p. 291.
2. G.O. Barnett and P.A. Castleman,"A Time-Sharing Computer System for Patient-Care Activities" Computers and Biomedical Research, vol. 1, no. 1, 1967, pp. 41-51.
3. P.A. Castleman,"A Time-Sharing Computer System for Hospital Information Processing" Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 161, Sept. 1969, pp. 707-713.
4. P.A. Castleman and S.F. Whitehead,"Evaluation of an Automated Medical History in Office Practice," Proc. 4th Ann. Conf. Soc. for Computers in Medicine, 1974.
5. R.S. Nickerson and S. Fidell,"Psychology at BBN from the Mid-1960s," A Culture of Innovation, D. Walden and R. Nickerson, eds., to be published.
6. D.J. Getty et al., "Enhanced Interpretation of Diagnostic Images," Investigative Radiology, vol. 23, no. 4, 1988, pp. 240-252.
7. S.I. Allen, G.O. Barnett,, and P.A. Castleman,"Use of a Time-Shared General-Purpose File-Handling System in Hospital Research," Proc. IEEE, vol. 54, no. 12, 1966, pp. 1641-1648.
8. P.A. Castleman and S.G. Teitelbaum,"On-Line Data Management System for the Massachusetts General Hospital," Proc. 2nd Symp. Computer-Centered Data Base Systems, Systems Development Corp., vol. 1, 1965, pp. 143-183.
9. J.C. Shaw,"JOSS: A Design View of an Experimental On-Line Computer System," Proc. Fall Joint Computer Conf., vol. 26, pt. I, 1964, AFIPS Press, pp. 455-464.
10. This sequence of programming language evolutions is detailed in D. Walden, "Early Years of Basic Computer and Software Engineering," A Culture of Innovation, D. Walden and R. Nickerson, eds., to be published.
11. R.A. Greenes et al., "A System for Clinical Data Management," Proc. Fall Joint Computer Conf., AFIPS Press, 1969, p. 298.
12. A. Gottlieb et al., "CLINFO: A Friendly Computer System for Clinical Research," Proc. 12th Int'l Conf. Medical and Biomedical Eng., 1979.
13. H.S. Bilofsky and W.F. Whitehead,"CLINFO, A Clinical Research Data Management and Analysis System," Proc. 4th Ann. Symp. Computer Applications in Medical Care Conf., 1980, pp. 1286-1291.
14. P.A. Castleman et al., "The Implementation of the PROPHET System," Proc. AFIPS Conf., vol. 43, AFIPS Press, 1974, p. 457.
15. D. Walden,"Later Years of Basic Computer and Software Engineering," A Culture of Innovation, to be published.
16. P.A. Castleman et al., "An Integrated Command and Procedural Language for Drug Research," Proc. ACM Ann. Conf., ACM Press, 1972, pp. 202-223.
17. T.T. Wu,E.A. Kabat,, and H. Bilofsky,"Similarities Among Hypervariable Segments of Immunoglobulin Chains," Proc. Nat'l Academies of Science, vol. 72, National Academies Press, 1975, pp. 5107-5110.
18. C. Hollister and J.A. Page-Castell,"The Chemical Substances Information Network: User Services Office. Evaluation and Feedback," J. Chemical Information and Computer Sciences, vol. 24, 1985, p. 259.
19. H.S. Bilofsky and C. Burks,"The GenBank ® Genetic Sequence Data Bank," Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 16, no. 5, 1988, p. 1861.
20. D. Melewski,"Top 50," Software Magazine, vol. 8, no. 7, May 1988, pp. 61-64.
21. P. Castleman et al., "MISSION: A Low Cost Data Management System for the Biomedical Community," Proc. 1st Ann. Symp. Computer Applications in Medical Care, 1977, pp. 224-231.
22. W. DuMouchel,"The Structure, Design Principles, and Strategies of MULREG," Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence, vol. 2, 1990, pp. 117-134.
23. L. Sher,"Spacegraph—A True 3D PC Peripheral," Proc. SPIE: Three Dimensional Imaging, W. Robbins, ed., vol. 902, SPIE, 1988, pp. 10-16.
24. P.A. Castleman,"Softening the Blow," The Christian Science Monitor, 11 Feb. 1992, p.18.
25. P.A. Castleman,"A Strategic Manufacturing Initiative," St. Louis Post-Dispatch,3 Feb. 1992.
19 ms
(Ver 2.0)

Marketing Automation Platform Marketing Automation Tool