Issue No.04 - October-December (2005 vol.27)
Tom Petersson , Uppala University
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2005.60
In 1956 the Swedish company Facit, previously engaged in producing electro-mechanical office equipment, recruited a group of Swedish top engineers within computer technology, known as the BESK boys. They had developed a computer, which for a short while was the fastest in the world. Facit's plan was to produce large-scale business computers for the Swedish and Western European markets. But already after a couple of years these plans had to be revised as the former partner IBM suddenly walked away from its cooperation agreement with Facit and simultaneously introduced the new 1401-series to the European markets. Facit tried to establish cooperation with other domestic and foreign, mostly American, companies but failed to meet the IBM challenge. In the early 1960s Facit finally shut down its grandiose computer project.
Swedish computer industry, Facit, BESK, office machines, technological failure, managerial failure
Tom Petersson, "Facit and the BESK Boys: Sweden's Computer Industry (1956-1962)", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.27, no. 4, pp. 23-30, October-December 2005, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2005.60