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Issue No.01 - January-March (2005 vol.27)
pp: 67-73
Thomas Haigh , University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
CITATION
Thomas Haigh, "Biographies", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.27, no. 1, pp. 67-73, January-March 2005, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2005.4
REFERENCES
1. T. Haigh, "ADAPSO and the Service Bureau Industry, 1961–1968," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 26, no. 1, 2004, pp. 75-85. The biographies are T. Haigh, "Biography: Bernard (Bernie) Goldstein," IEEE Annals, vol. 26, no. 1, 2004, pp. 85-90; T. Haigh, "Biography: Larry A. Welke," IEEE Annals, vol. 26, no. 4, 2004, pp. 85-91; T. Haigh, "Biography: Richard L. (Rick) Crandall," IEEE Annals, vol. 26, no. 4, 2004, pp. 79-85; and T. Haigh, "Biography: Frank Lautenberg," IEEE Annals, vol. 26, no. 1, 2004, pp. 90-93.
2. Dreyer had previously served briefly as an assistant in the Abington office, and then as an assistant to the association's 1967 president Frank Lautenberg in ADP's headquarters in New Jersey. Dreyer recalls his first appointment as beginning on 10 Dec. 1966, and surviving board minutes record his confirmation as an assistant to Lautenberg taking place on 10 July 1967. This information is taken from an oral history interview conducted with Jerome L. Dreyer on 1 May 2004 by T. Haigh. A transcript of this interview will be donated to the Charles Babbage Institute (CBI), but as yet formal citation and pagination information are not available.
3. J.L. Dreyer oral history interview by T. Haigh, 1 May 2004.
4. Ibid. While the formal records of the association give little insight into the selection of nominees, Dreyer's claim fits with the informal recollection of other ADAPSO participants that he exercised considerable backroom power in this area.
5. On the meaning of software in the 1960s, see T. Haigh, "Software in the 1960s as Concept, Service, and Product," IEEE Annals, vol. 24, no. 1, 2002, pp. 5-13.
6. ADAPSO, "Second Operating Ratios Survey," 1967, ADAPSO Records (CBI 172), Charles Babbage Inst. (CBI), Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
7. J.K. Jerrehian, "The Computer Time Sharing Business," ADAPSO News (CBI 172), vol. 8, no. 2, 1968, pp. 3-5.
8. J.A. Buckland, "Real Time Data Processing," ADAPSO News (CBI 172), vol. 5, no. 3, 1965, pp. 4-9.
9. M. Campbell-Kelly, From Airline Reservations to Sonic the Hedgehog: A History of the Software Industry, MIT Press, 2003, pp. 80-86.
10. ADAPSO, "Board Meeting Minutes, Fairmount Hotel, San Francisco,"18–20 Oct. 1967, p. 5, CBI 172, CBI.
11. J.K. Jerrehian, "The Computer Time Sharing Business," ADAPSO News (CBI 172), vol. 8, no. 2, 1968, pp. 3-5.
12. Crandall gave his own account of the founding of Comshare in R. L. Crandall, "Recollections of the Beginning of the Time-Sharing Industry," IEEE Annals, vol. 24, no. 4, 2002, pp. 40-42.
13. ADAPSO, "Board of Directors' Meeting Minutes,"24 Oct. 1968, CBI 172, CBI.
14. ADAPSO, "Board of Directors' Meeting Minutes,"12 Feb. 1969, CBI 172, CBI.
15. An early list of members is given in "CTSS," ADAPSO Newsletter (CBI 172), vol. 1, Oct. 1971, pp. 1.
16. R.L. Crandall oral history interview by P. Ceruzzi, 3 May 2002, CBI, p. 8.
17. "Report on June 15 Conference," ADAPSO News (CBI 172), Sept. 1967, pp. 11-12.
18. A concise history of the regulatory issues around data communications during this era is given in G.W. Brock, The Second Information Revolution, Harvard Univ. Press, 2003, pp. 170-185.
19. L. Johnson ed. "Telecommunications Issues Workshop," ADAPSO Reunion Transcript, May 2–4, 2002, iBusiness Press, 2003, pp. 123-149.
20. "ADAPSO Officers and Directors," ADAPSO Newsletter, vol. 3, Nov.–Dec. 1973, pp. 2-4.
21. ADAPSO, "Board Meeting" (minutes), 20 Feb. 1974, CBI 172, CBI.
22. See reference 9 for the history of the software industry. On IBM's unbundling, see B. Grad, "A Personal Recollection: IBM's Unbundling of Software and Services," IEEE Annals, vol. 24, no. 1, 2002, pp. 64-71 and W.S. Humphreys, "Software Unbundling: A Personal Perspective," IEEE Annals, vol. 24, no. 1, 2002, pp. 59-63.
23. The formation of the ADAPSO Software Industry Association Section was explored in T. Haigh, "Biography: Larry A. Welke," IEEE Annals, vol. 26, no. 4, 2004, pp. 85-91.
24. L. Welke oral history interview by T. Haigh, 3 May 2002, OH 369, CBI, p. 6.
25. M. Goetz, "Memories of a Software Pioneer: Part I," IEEE Annals, vol. 24, no. 1, 2002, pp. 43-56.
26. L. Keet, oral history interview by P.L. Frana, 3 May 2002, OH 341, CBI, p.12. See also the discussion in L. Johnson, ed., "Intellectual Property Issues Workshop," ADAPSO Reunion Transcript, May 2–4, 2002, pp. 151-174.
27. Wessel communicated his findings to the ADAPSO membership in M.R. Wessel, "Legal Protection of Computer Programs," ADAPSO News, vol. 5, no. 1, 1965, (CBI 172), CBI.
28. L. Johnson ed. "Intellectual Property Issues Workshop," ADAPSO Reunion Transcript, May 2-4, 2002, pp. 151-174, 164.
29. "California Legislature Passes Software Exemption," ADAPSO Newsletter (CBI 172), vol. 2, May–June 1972, p. 3. "Computer Software-Continuous Target for Tax Collectors," ADAPSO Newsletter (CBI 172), vol. 3, Mar.–Apr. 1972, p. 1.
30. "ADAPSO Annual Report," 1978–1979.
31. ADAPSO, "Board of Directors Meeting" (minutes), 18 Nov. 1976.
32. One example of the Association's lobbying in this area is the 1976 position paper "Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement Number Two and Subsequent Interpretation Number Six," a copy of which is preserved in the bound volume "ADAPSO Position Papers," CBI 172, CBI.
33. Copies of most issues of Computer Services, related correspondence, and drafts of many of the articles published in it are included in the as-yet-uncataloged portions of CBI 172.
34. "ADAPSO Reorganization," ADAPSO News (CBI 172), vol. 2, Jul.–Aug. 1972, pp. 2-3.
35. ADAPSO, "Minutes of the Council," 27 Feb. 1961, CBI 172, and "Chicago Chapter— National Meeting" (minutes), 14 May 1962, CBI 172, CBI.
36. This chart is based on membership totals appearing in ADAPSO board minutes during the period, found in CBI 172. Full members were those firms satisfying all requirements for membership in ADAPSO. These requirements changed over the time period. The "Total" figures include two main additional kinds of members. Most of them were branch offices of larger data processing services firms, such as ADP. There was also a much smaller number of associate member firms, which did not qualify for full membership but had an interest of some kind in computer services. The different membership classes were discussed in T. Haigh, "ADAPSO and the Service Bureau Industry, 1961–1968," IEEE Annals, vol. 26, no. 1, 2004, pp. 75-85.
37. "New Staff Appointment," ADAPSO Newsletter, vol. 4, Jul.–Aug. 1974, pp. 1-2.
38. The idea of moving to Washington, D.C., had been discussed for several years and was debated prior to the 1972 move from New York to New Jersey. Wessel was opposed, worrying about costs and staffing issues and feeling that government officials might actually take out-of-town visitors more seriously as business representatives. See M.R. Wessel, "Letter to Jerome L. Dreyer, August 11, 1977," Milton R.Wessel Papers (CBI 120), CBI.
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