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Issue No.04 - October-December (2004 vol.26)
pp: 79-91
<div>Richard L. (Rick) Crandall</div><div>Larry A. Welke</div><p><em>Editor's Note</em>: The two biographies presented in this issue are part of an ongoing examination of the development of the computer software and services industry, using as a lens the trade association ADAPSO (Association of Data Processing Service Organizations) and the careers of some of its most prominent members. It follows from an article published earlier this year on the origins of ADAPSO in the early 1960s as a trade group for service bureau companies, accompanied with biographies of Bernie Goldstein and Frank Lautenberg (see Annals, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 78-93). This series will conclude in a future issue with a second article exploring the development of ADAPSO during the 1970s, as it expanded its membership within the fledgling software product and timesharing service industries.</p>
Thomas Haigh, "Biographies", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.26, no. 4, pp. 79-91, October-December 2004, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2004.25
1. K. Flamm, Creating the Computer: Government, Industry, and High Technology, Brookings Institution, 1988.
2. S. Levy, Hackers: The Heroes of the Digital Revolution, Anchor Press/Doubleday, 1984. One aspect of the Berkeley system was described in L.P. Deutsch and B.W. Lampson, "An Online Editor," Comm. ACM, vol. 10, no. 12, Dec. 1967, pp. 793-799.
3. R.L. Crandall, oral history interview by Paul Ceruzzi, 3 May 2002, Charles Babbage Inst. (CBI).
4. T. Haigh, "Biography: Bernard (Bernie) Goldstein," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 26, no. 1, Jan.-Mar. 2004, pp. 85-90.
5. See "ADAPSO Long-Range Plan, 1985— 89," dated 26 Apr. 1985 with annotation "Final Approved Document" in ADAPSO Records (CBI 172), CBI. Hereafter this collection will be referred to as CBI 172.
6. R. Crandall, personal communication to the author, 17 Nov. 2003.
7. Am. Soc. of Assoc. Executives, "ASAE Evaluation Report for ADAPSO, The Computer Software and Services Association," 1988, ADAPSO Records (CBI 172), CBI.
8. Assoc. of Data Processing Service Organizations, board meeting minutes, 28 Oct. 1963, CBI 172, discusses its establishment. Assoc. of Data Processing Service Organizations, incoming board meeting minutes, 26 May, 1966, CBI 172, discusses its abandonment.
9. R.L. Crandall, "ADAPSO: Past, Present, Future" (presented at ADAPSO: 25 Years of Leadership), 1986, ADAPSO Records (CBI 172), CBI. Imlay and John Maguire of Software A.G. were longtime chairs of committees in the Image area, continuing to serve into the late 1980s.
10. This description is taken from the masthead of ADAPSO Update, copies of which are preserved in the CBI 172 ADAPSO collection.
11. This testimony was given on 2 Apr. 1981. Crandall made similar points in R.L. Crandall, "Trade Barriers to Foreign Expansion by U.S. Computer Service Firms," presented at the Computer Law Association's Program on International Free Trade— The Computer Industry, 9 Oct. 1979, ADAPSO Records (CBI 172), CBI.
12. L. Johnson, "Industry Image," ADAPSO Reunion Transcript, May 2–4, 2002, iBusiness Press, 2003, pp. 237-254.
13. Ibid., pp. 77-97.
14. R.L. Crandall and S. Robins, The Incorruptible Cashier: The Formation of an Industry,1876–1890, vol. 1, Vestal Press, 1988, and R.L. Crandall and S. Robins, The Incorruptible Cashier: The Brass Era, 1888–1915, vol. 2., Vestal Press, 1996.
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