Issue No.04 - October-December (2004 vol.26)
B. Jack Copeland , University Of Canterbury
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.26
The British Colossus computer was one of the most important tools in the wartime effort to break German codes. Based on interviews and on recently declassified documents, this article clarifies the roles played by Thomas Flowers, Alan Turing, William Tutte, and Max Newman in the events leading to the installation of the first Colossus at Bletchley Park, Britain?s wartime code-breaking establishment, in December 1943.
Turing, Flowers, Newman, Tutte, Bletchley Park, Lorenz Sz40/42, Tunny, Heath Robinson, Colossus, First Electronic Computer, Differencing, Turingery, Statistical Method
B. Jack Copeland, "Colossus: Its Origins and Originators", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.26, no. 4, pp. 38-45, October-December 2004, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2004.26