Issue No.03 - July-September (2004 vol.26)
DOI Bookmark: http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2004.16
The German IBM laboratory in Boeblingen, founded in 1953, was initially oriented toward research and exploratory development. It turned to full product development capabilities between 1960 and 1964. This article touches on the interactive driving forces of evolving technologies, market opportunities, company policies, and the vision and creativity of many individuals.
Karl E. Ganzhorn, "The Buildup of the IBM Boeblingen Laboratory", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.26, no. 3, pp. 4-19, July-September 2004, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2004.16