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Anecdotes: On the origins of :-)
July-September 2003 (vol. 25 no. 3)
pp. 82-83

1. C. Adams,"The Straight Dope," The Chicago Reader,23 Apr. 1993.
2. S. Fahlman, interview with author, 27 Oct. 1997.
3. Stories of prior usage would be welcomed by this author and this journal.
4. J. Abbate,Inventing the Internet, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1999, p. 111.

Citation:
Anne Fitzpatrick, "Anecdotes: On the origins of :-)," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 82-83, July-Sept. 2003, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2003.1226657
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