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Issue No.02 - April-June (2003 vol.25)
pp: 50-61
George T. Gray , Georgia Technology Authority
ABSTRACT
<p>Like many companies entering the computer industry, Burroughs began by working on US government contracts. Once sufficient expertise had been gained, the company entered the general-purpose computer market. The Datatron computer, obtained through the ElectroData Corporation acquisition, was a modest success in the late 1950s; however, pioneering work on transistor computers for military contracts was not immediately transferred to the commercial marketplace.</p>
CITATION
George T. Gray, Ronald Q. Smith, "Before the B5000: Burroughs Computers, 1951-1963", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.25, no. 2, pp. 50-61, April-June 2003, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2003.1203058
REFERENCES
1. K. Flamm, Creating the Computer, Brookings Institution, 1988, p. 18.
2. T. Haigh, "The Chromium-Plated Tabulator: Institutionalizing an Electronic Revolution, 1954—1958," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 23, 2001, pp. 75-104.
3. On the adding machines of St. Louis, see P.A. Kidwell, "The Adding Machine Fraternity at St. Louis: Creating a Center of Invention, 1880-1920,"IEEE Annals of the History of Computing,2000, vol. 22, pp. 4-21.
4. Information on the Burroughs computer effort is taken from S. Rosen, "Electronic Computers: A Historical Survey," Computing Surveys, vol. 1, no. 1, Mar. 1969, pp. 7-36; from the oral history interviews with Isaac L. Auerbach, (OH 241) and Simon E. Gluck, Hans B. Marx, Lyle G. Thompson, Douglas C. Wendell, and J. Jay Wolf (OH 246), Charles Babbage Inst., and from theFinal Report on the E101X Electronic Digital Computer,(R-22), 25 Aug. 1954, Burroughs Corp. Records (CBI 90), Charles Babbage Inst. Withington's characterization of the E-101 is from his testimony in theUS vs. IBMantitrust case, quoted in F.M. Fisher, J.W. McKie, and R.B. Mancke,IBM and the US Data Processing Industry: An Economic History,Praeger, 1983, p. 83.
5. E. Selmer to M. Shuler15 July 1952, Technical Engineers' Papers, M. Shuler, 1952-1953, Burroughs Corp. Records (CBI 90), Charles Babbage Inst.
6. Burroughs Corp., Burroughs 205 Electronic Data Processing Systems Handbook: Central Computer, 1956, p. 23.
7. Details of the Datatron are taken from various technical manuals in the Burroughs Corp. Records (CBI 90), Charles Babbage Inst. Information on pricing is drawn from M.H. Weik, A Third Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computer Systems, Ballistic Research Laboratory,1961. The Resistors club is described in articles in theNewark Sunday News,28 May 1967, andThe Evening Times[Trenton, N.J.], 26 July 1967, which are available athttp:/www.resistors.org.
8. Burroughs Corp., An Introduction to Coding the Burroughs 202 Electronic Data Processing Systems, 1958, p. 13-2.
9. Information on the the 220 comes from various technical manuals in the Burroughs Corp. Records (CBI 90), Charles Babbage Inst. The information on the 220 tape system at Randolph Air Force Base is taken from A. Kay, "The Early History of SmallTalk," History of Programming Languages—II, T. Bergin and R.G. Gibson, eds., ACM Press, 1996. The remarks of James Ford are in the transcript of the Burroughs B5000 Conference, conducted by B.A. Galler and R.F. Rosin, 6 Sept. 1985 (OH 98) Session 3, Charles Babbage Inst., which was published inIEEE Annals of the History of Computing,vol. 9, no. 1, Jan.-Mar. 1987, pp. 37-92.
10. Oral history interview of I.L. Auerbach, 2-3 Oct. 1992, conducted by B.H. Bruemmer (OH 241), Charles Babbage Inst.
11. Burroughs Military Experience and Facilities (B541B), 26 Sept. 1962, andBurroughs Participation in Air Force Space Guidance Programs,no date. Both in the Burroughs Corp. Records (CBI 90), Charles Babbage Inst.
12. P.H. EnslowJr., "Multiprocessor Organization—A Survey," Computing Surveys, vol. 9, no. 1, Mar. 1977, pp. 103-129.
13. Technical Proposal: System 473L Data Processing Equipment, (B568B), 21 Feb. 1962, Burroughs Corp. Records (CBI 90), Charles Babbage Inst.
14. 2111 System Proposal, and Memo, E.S. McCollister to J.R. Bradburn, 14 Mar. 1960, both in Technical Engineers' Papers, Burroughs Corp. Records (CBI 90), Charles Babbage Inst.
15. R.V.D. Campbell oral history interview by W. Aspray (OH 67), 22 Feb. 1984, Charles Babbage Inst.; Haigh, p. 84 (see Ref. 2).
16. Burroughs Corp., Burroughs B100/B200/B300 Series Electronic Data Processing Systems Reference Manual, 1965, pp. 2-82.
17. M.H. Weik, A Fourth Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems, Ballistic Research Laboratory, 1964, and P. King in the transcript of the Burroughs B5000 Conference (see Ref. 9).
18. J. Ford in the transcript of the Burroughs B5000 Conference (see Ref. 9).
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