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Issue No.03 - July-September (2002 vol.24)
pp: 35-55
ABSTRACT
<p>Information retrieval has evolved through four phases: manual and mechanical devices; offline computing; online computing and vendor access; and distributed, networked, and mass computing. This article primarily addresses the first three phases.</p>
CITATION
José-Marie Griffiths, Donald W. King, "US Information Retrieval System Evolution and Evaluation", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.24, no. 3, pp. 35-55, July-September 2002, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2002.1024761
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