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Issue No.04 - October-December (2001 vol.23)
pp: 12-23
<p>Erwin Tomash developed an interest in the history of computing and information processing early in the 1960s. Capping a successful business career many years later, and after a number of exploratory consultations with historians, business colleagues, archives, and museum professionals, he pursued his historical interest by founding the Charles Babbage Institute.</p>
Arthur L. Norberg, "A Perspective on the History of the Charles Babbage Institute and the Charles Babbage Foundation", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.23, no. 4, pp. 12-23, October-December 2001, doi:10.1109/85.969958
1. CBI Newsletter, vol. 5, no. 3, Sept. 1983.
2. CBI Newsletter, vol. 1, no. 2, Sept. 1979.
3. CBI Newsletter, vol. 1, no. 1, May 1979.
4. CBI Newsletter, vol. 4, no. 3, Oct. 1982.
5. "New Engineering Companies and the Evolution of the United States Computer Industry," Business and Economic History, vol. 22, second series, 1993, pp. 181-193. "The Birth of the Business Machines Industry," Canadian Datasystems, vol. 17, Oct. 1985, pp. 50-51. "ERA and Early Digital Computing in Minnesota," Computer User, Dec. 1984.
6. The "Computing in the 21st Century Conf." was held in Minneapolis, Minn., Sept. 1986. A summary of the conference appeared in the CBI Newsletter, vol. 9, no. 2, Winter 1987.
7. W. Aspray, John von Neumann and the Origins of Modern Computing, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1990. Aspray, "The Origins of John von Neumann's Theory of Automata," The Legacy of John von Neumann, J. Glimm and J. Impagliazzo, eds., American Mathematical Society Publications, Washington, D.C., 1989; Aspray, "The Transformation of Numerical Analysis by the Computer: An Example from the Work of John von Neumann," History of Modern Mathematics, D. Rowe and J. McCleary, eds., Academic Press, Boston, 1989; Aspray, "John von Neumann's Contributions to Computing and Computer Science," Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 11, no. 3, 1989.
8. W. Aspray, "International Diffusion of Computer Technology, 1945-1955," Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 8, no. 4, 1986.
9. W. Aspray and D. Beaver, "Marketing the Monster: Advertising Computer Technology," Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 8, no. 2, 1986.
10. W. Aspray, "The Emergence of Princeton as a World Center of Mathematics, 1896-1939," History and Philosophy of Modern Mathematics, P. Kitcher and W. Aspray, eds., Univ. of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1987.
11. A.L. Norberg and J.E. O'Neill, Transforming Computer Technology: Information Processing for the Pentagon, 1962-1986, Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, Baltimore, 1996.
12. R.W. Seidel, "Crunching Numbers: Computers and Physical Research in the AEC Laboratories," History and Technology, vol. 15, 1998, pp. 31-68; Seidel, "From Mare to Minerva: The Origins of Scientific Computing in the AEC Labs," Physics Today, vol. 19, no. 10, 1996, pp. 33-39; Seidel, "Secret Scientific Communities: Classification and Scientific Communication in the DOE and DoD," Proc. 1998 Conf. History and Heritage of Science Information Systems, M.E. Bowden, T.B. Hahn, and R.V. Williams, eds., Information Today Inc., Medford, N.J., 1999; J.B. Hagan, "The Introduction of Computers into Systematic Research in the United States during the 1960s," Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 32C:2, June 2001, pp. 291-314.
13. The Chronology appeared in theCBI Newsletter, vol. 9, no. 2, Winter 1987. The bibliography appeared as W. Aspray, "An Annotated Bibliography of Secondary Sources on the History of Software," Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 9, no. 3/4, 1988.
14. CBI Newsletter, vol. 6, no. 2, Winter 1984.
15. CBI Newsletter, vol. 8, no. 2, Winter 1986.
16. B.B. Bruemmer and S. Hochheiser, The High Technology Company: A Historical Research and Archival Guide, Charles Babbage Inst., Minneapolis, Minn., 1989.
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