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Hands on the Machine
July-September 2001 (vol. 23 no. 3)
pp. 88, 87

1. T. Kidder, The Soul of a New Machine,Avon, New York, 1981.
2. W.B. Fritz, "The Women of ENIAC," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 18, no. 3, Fall 1996, pp. 13-28; D.A. Grier, "The Math Tables Project of the Work Projects Administration," IEEE Annals, vol. 20, no. 3, July-Sept. 1998, pp. 33-50; M. Campbell-Kelly, "Programming the EDSAC: Early Programming Activity at the University of Cambridge," Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 2, no. 1, Jan. 1980, pp. 7-34; "Programming the Mark I: Early Programming Activity at the University of Manchester," Annals, vol. 2, no. 2, Apr. 1980, pp. 130-168; "Programming the Pilot ACE: Early Programming Activity at the National Physical Laboratory," Annals, vol. 3, no. 2, Apr. 1981, pp. 133-162; and A. Akera, "Voluntarism and the Fruits of Collaboration: The IBM User's Group Share," Technology and Culture, Oct. 2001 (in press).
3. Statistical Abstract of the United States, table 649, 1988,Washington, DC., US Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
4. L. Slater interview with the author, 9 Apr. 2001.
5. See, for example, E. Spertus, "Why Are There So Few Female Computer Scientists?" tech. report #1315, MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, 1991; K.A. Frenkel, "Women and Computing," Comm. ACM, vol. 33, no. 11, 1995, 34-45; P.N. Edwards, "The Army and the Microworld: Computers and the Politics of Gender Identity," Signs, vol. 16, no. 1, 1990, 103-127 ; and M. Vehviläinen, "Gender and Computing in Retrospect: The Case of Finland," IEEE Annals, vol. 21, no. 2, Apr.-June 1999, pp. 44-51.

Janet Abbate, "Hands on the Machine," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 88, 87, July-Sept. 2001, doi:10.1109/MAHC.2001.10005
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