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Issue No.02 - April-June (2001 vol.23)
pp: 38-49
ABSTRACT
<p>The National Research Council's Committee on the Bibliography of Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation (MTAC) was the first professional organization in the US. It held the first public conference on computers in 1945 and published the first journal of record for computing. It was chaired by R.C. Archibald, who held strong views about the nature of professional organizations, views that often conflicted with the visions of others.</p>
CITATION
David Alan Grier, "The Rise and Fall of the Committee on Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.23, no. 2, pp. 38-49, April-June 2001, doi:10.1109/85.929910
REFERENCES
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2. D.A. Grier, "Agricultural Computing and the Context for John Atanasoff," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 22, no. 1, Jan.-Mar. 2000, pp. 48-61.
3. R.C. Archibald to A. Barrows Oct.2 1939, MTAC Records: Committee on Bibliography of Mathematical Tables and Aids to Computation, Physical Sciences Division Records, Nat'l Research Council Records, Nat'l Academy of Sciences Archives.
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9. H. Wright, Explorer of the Universe: A Biography of George Ellery Hale, E.P. Dutton, New York, 1966, p. 284.
10. R. Cochrane, The First Hundred Years, p. 209.
11. A.H. Dupree, Science in the Federal Government, pp. 312-313.
12. B. Crowell, America's Munitions: 1917-1918, GPO, Washington, D.C., 1919, p. 548, p. 550.
13. N. Wiener, Ex-Prodigy, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1953, p. 257.
14. "The Status of Applied Mathematics in the United States," Oct.20 1919, Physical Sciences Records: Physical Sciences Division Records, Nat'l Research Council Records, Nat'l Academy of Sciences Archives, Washington, D.C.
15. Nat'l Research Council, Int'l Critical Tables of Numerical Data, Physics, Chemistry and Technology, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1926.
16. K. Powell, The Growth of the Department of Mathematics of the State University of Iowa, unpublished manuscript, History of State Univ. of Iowa File, Univ. Archives, 1946.
17. D.C. Miller to F. Schlesinger, June27 1930, MTAC Records.
18. T. Fry to F.K. Richtmyer, Jan.19 1931, MTAC Records.
19. T. Fry to F.K. Richtmyer, Jan.21 1931, MTAC Records.
20. T. Fry to F.K. Richtmyer, June4 1931, MTAC Records.
21. F.K. Richtmyer to H.L Reitz, Feb.16 1934, MTAC Records.
22. ________,Ballisticians in War and Peace, Vol. 1, A History of the United States Army Ballistic Research Laboratory, 1914-1956, The USA Ballistics Lab, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md., United States Army Ballistics Laboratory, 1956, p. 4.
23. Tables of Mathematical Functions, Chemical Rubber Co., Akron, Ohio, 7th ed., 1943.
24. A. Bennett to H. Barton, Oct.10 1936, MTAC Records.
25. See "Annual Report to the Physical Science Division," 28 Apr. 1935,Physical Science Records; minutes of the Executive Committee of the Physical Science Division, 3 May 1936,Physical Sciences Records; Bennett to H. Barton, 5 Apr. 1937,MTAC Records; report from A.A. Bennett to L. Eisenhart, 4 Apr. 1939;MTAC Records.
26. D.A. Grier, "Dr. Veblen Goes to War," to be published in American Mathematical Monthly.
27. Minutes of the Executive Committee Meeting of the Nat'l Research Council Division of Physical Sciences, 7 Apr. 1939,Physical Sciences Records.
28. Eisenhart to R.C. Archibald, June24 1939, MTAC Records.
29. See box 1 of the Library Correspondence, R.C. Archibald papers, John Hay Library, Brown Univ., Providence, R.I.
30. See Veblen to Archibald, 22 Mar. 1928, O. Veblen papers, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
31. See R.C. Archibald, "The Nat'l Research Council Committee on Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation," Science, Aug.9 1940, pp. 129-130.
32. A. Barrows to L.P. Eisenhart, July11 1940, MTAC Records.
33. L. Eisenhart to A. Barrows, July22 1940, MTAC Records.
34. L. Eisenhart to A. Barrows, July20 1940, MTAC Records.
35. R.C. Archibald to L.P. Eisenhart, July29 1940, MTAC Records.
36. R.C. Archibald to L.P. Eisenhart, Aug.1 1940, MTAC Records.
37. See Correspondence for 1940,MTAC Records. The letter from Eisenhart to A. Barrows, 16 Oct. 1940, best describes the situation and the issues from Eisenhart's point of view.
38. D.A. Grier, "The Math Tables Project of the Work Project Administration: The Reluctant Start of the Computing Era," Annals, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 33-49.
39. R.C. Archibald to N. Rey nolds, June12 1941, MTAC Records.
40. R.C. Archibald to "Gentlemen of the Committee," Dec.31 1941, MTAC Records.
41. R.C. Archibald to Executive Committee of the Committee on Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, Aug.6 1942, Wallace Eckert Papers: Wallace Eckert Collection, CBI 9, Charles Babbage Institute, Univ. of Minnesota.
42. A. Barrows to L. Eisenhart, Aug.10 1942, MTAC Records.
43. After his initial reaction, Weaver said that he would do nothing to stop the plan. W. Weaver to L. Eisenhart, Aug.14 1942, MTAC Records.
44. W. Eckert to R.C. Archibald, Oct.28 1942, Wallace Eckert Papers.
45. H. Bateman to R.C. Archibald, Aug.8 1942, Wallace Eckert Papers.
46. Cable from L.J. Comrie to Archibald, Aug.29 1942, MTAC Records.
47. Letter from L.J. Comrie to Archibald, Aug.29 1942, MTAC Records.
48. R.C. Archibald, "Introduction," Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, vol. 1, no. 1, Jan. 1943, pp. 1-2.
49. R.C. Archibald, "Seventeenth Century Calculating Machines," Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, vol. 1, no. 1, Jan. 1943, pp. 27-28.
50. C. Shannon, "Mathematical Theory of the Differential Analyzer," Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, vol. 1, no. 2, Apr. 1943, pp. 63-64.
51. G.W. King, "Punched-Card Tables of the Exponential Functions," Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, vol. 1, no. 10, Apr. 1945, pp. 399-400.
52. International Business Machines Corp., "IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator," Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, vol. 2, no. 14, Apr. 1946, p. 91.
53. D.R. Hartree, "The ENIAC, an Electronic Calculating Machine," Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, vol. 2, no. 16, Oct. 1946, p. 185.
54. See subscription list, 1946, MTAC Records.
55. R.C. Archibald, "Preliminary Announcement," Aug.16 1945, Committee on High-Speed Computing Machinery, Physical Sciences Records.
56. R.C. Archibald, Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, vol. 2, no. 14, Apr. 1946, pp. 65-68.
57. R.C. Gibbs, "Appointment Letter," Nov.18 1946, Records of the Committee on High-Speed Computing Devices, Physical Science Records.
58. Minutes of the Committee on High-Speed Computing, Dec.6 1946, Physical Sciences Records.
59. Ibid.
60. Ibid.
61. Minutes of the 23 Apr. 1947 meeting of the Nat'l Research Council Committee on High Speed Computing,John von Neumann Papers, Library of Congress.
62. Ibid.
63. Report 2, Eastern Assoc. for Computing Machinery, Sept.30 1947.
64. Minutes of the 23 Apr. 1947 meeting of the Nat'l Research Council Committee on High-Speed Computing, John von Neumann Papers.
65. I.B. Cohen, Revolution in Science, p. 468.
66. See Archibald to D.H. Lehmer, Dec.8 1948, MTAC Records. "I doubt if C. will occupy his present position beyond 1949."
67. J. von Neumann to E. Berkeley, Sept.15 1947, Edmund Berkeley Collection, CBI 50, Charles Babbage Inst., Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
68. Report to the Assoc. for Computing Machinery, Feb.15 1948, Berkeley Papers.
69. Report number 1, "Temporary Committee for the Eastern Association for Computing Machinery," Aug.21 1947, Berkeley Papers.
70. "Report to the Assoc. for Computing Machinery," Jan.30 1948, Berkeley Papers.
71. R.C. Archibald to R.C. Gibbs, Apr.27 1948, Wallace Eckert Papers.
72. R.C. Archibald to D.H. Lehmer, Dec.8 1948, MTAC Records.
73. R.C. Archibald to Committee Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, June20 1949, MTAC Records.
74. Minutes of the ACM Council, Apr.17 1953, Berkeley Papers.
75. H. Polachek, "History of the JournalMathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, 1959-1965, IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 17, no. 3, July-Sept. 1995, pp. 67-74.
76. Ibid. A second discussion of the journal from the eyes of one contributor can be found in E. Isaacson, "The Origin of Mathematics of Computation and some Personal Recollections," A History of Scientific Computing, S.G. Nash, ed., Addison Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1990, pp. 211-216.
77. R.C. Archibald to R.C. Gibbs, Apr.27 1948, Wallace Eckert Papers.
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