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Was Early Entry a Competitive Advantage? US Universities That Entered Computing in the 1940s
July-September 2000 (vol. 22 no. 3)
pp. 42-87

The author discusses whether early entry was a competitive advantage in academic computing. This is accomplished by examining the first three decades of computing at five universities—MIT, Harvard, the University of Pennsylvania, Columbia, and Princeton—that initiated computing programs in the 1940s.

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Citation:
William Aspray, "Was Early Entry a Competitive Advantage? US Universities That Entered Computing in the 1940s," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 42-87, July-Sept. 2000, doi:10.1109/85.859525
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