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Computer Network-Based Scientific Collaboration in the Energy Research Community, 1973-1977: A Memoir
April-June 2000 (vol. 22 no. 2)
pp. 42-52

In 1973, four national laboratory groups and three university energy research groups started an investigation of whether scientific collaboration could be improved with computer networks. Four years later, the seven groups were piggybacked onto the Arpanet, and more than 60 case histories of applications had been documented. This article reviews the early collaboration and tells how the energy research community was introduced to modern computer networking.

1. General Purpose Computer Networks and Resource Sharing in ERDA, July15 1977, Working Group on Computer Networking, Mathematical and Computer Sciences (EE-03-04), Office of Engineering, Mathematical and Geo-sciences, Division of Basic Energy Sciences, ERDA. Vol. 1,Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations, 26 pp. Vol. 2,Implementation of Arpanet Facilities, 55 pp. Vol. 3,Remote Resource Sharing Experience and Findings, 141 pp. Vol. 4,Arpanet Resource Handbook for ERDA Sites, 247 pp.

Citation:
Gerald Estrin, "Computer Network-Based Scientific Collaboration in the Energy Research Community, 1973-1977: A Memoir," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 42-52, April-June 2000, doi:10.1109/85.841136
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