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Pioneering: On the Frontier of Electronic Data Processing, a Personal Memoir
January-March 2000 (vol. 22 no. 1)
pp. 4-47

This personal memoir is essentially an insider's view of IBM—how it worked, the road to its success, and the major decision-making processes IBM used.

1. T.J. Watson, Jr., Father, Son and Company.New York: Bantam Books, 1990.
2. A. Wang, Lessons.Menlo Park, Calif.: Addison Wesley, 1986.
3. M. Mason, American Multinationals and Japan—the Political Economy of Japanese Capital Controls, 1899-1980.Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Univ. Press, 1992.
4. U.S. Patent Commission, To Promote the Progress of Useful Arts.Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, Nov.17 1966.

Citation:
James W. Birkenstock, "Pioneering: On the Frontier of Electronic Data Processing, a Personal Memoir," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 4-47, Jan.-March 2000, doi:10.1109/85.815465
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