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From Vacuum Tubes to Very Large Scale Integration: A Personal Memoir
July-September 1998 (vol. 20 no. 3)
pp. 55-68

This article traces one man's journey through the various different forms of electronics and how they were developed and used at IBM. It also illuminates some of the reasons why particular decisions about varous technologies were taken and the longer term results of those actions. It started as a personal memoir that was intended, by the former editor of our Biographies department (Eric Weiss) to be part of his usual submission. The article was, however, not finished until after Eric had retired from that position, so it is being used as a feature article instead.

1. C.J. Bashe, L.R. Johnson, J.H. Palmer, and E.W. Pugh, IBM's Early Computers.Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1986, p. 466-469.
2. L.P. Hunter, Handbook of Semiconductor Electronics.New York: McGraw-Hill, 1956. See Section 15, pp. 29-67. In particular, Figs. 15-50 and 15-51.

Joseph C. Logue, "From Vacuum Tubes to Very Large Scale Integration: A Personal Memoir," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 55-68, July-Sept. 1998, doi:10.1109/85.707575
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