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Comments, Queries, and Debates
October-December 1997 (vol. 19 no. 4)
pp. 64-71

This department offers an opportunity to comment on previously published articles, to correct or complete the historical record, to bring up topics not already covered, and to submit queries concerning historical events or facts. We expect that articles published in the Annals, which reflect the authors' views and historical perspectives, will generate debate. We welcome contributions to such debate that are relevant and in good taste. Opinions expressed are those of the writer and not necessarily those of the editor, IEEE, or the Computer Society.

Submitting a letter or short article to this department is assumed to give the Annals permission without further correspondence with the writer, to publish and to assign copyright to the Institute of Electrical Engineers, Inc. All submissions are subject to editing for length, clarity, and style.

1. E.W. Pugh and W. Aspray, "Creating the Computer Industry," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 7-17, 1996.
2. I have the unique opportunity to have access to all Hollerith and IBM punched card machines, restored and workable, from 1890 until the 1950s. Additionally, I appreciate the work by a group of colleagues who constructed, manufactured, and maintained the machines in the past. This allows detailed studies of Hollerith and IBM machines.
3. F.W. Kistermann, "The Way to the First Automatic Sequence-Controlled Printing Calculator: The 1935 DEHOMAG D 11 Tabulator," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 33-49, 1995.
4. R.N. Williams, "Die Hollerithsche Sortier- und Addiermaschine und ihre Verwendung im Eisenbahndienste," Zeitung des Vereins Deutscher Eisenbahnverwaltungen, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 195-199, 1912, and vol. 52, no. 13, pp. 211-214, 1912.
5. R. Feindler, Das Hollerith-Lochkarten-Verfahren für maschinelle Buchhaltung und Statistik.Berlin: Reimar Hobbing, 1929.
6. C. Eichenauer, "Die Hollerith-Organisation im Ammoniakwerk Merseburg (Leunawerke)," Betriebswirtschaft, no. 4, pp. 1-4, 1930.
7. International Automatic Multiplying Punch (IBM 600).New York: IBM Corporation, 1931; E. Audilet, "Der Hollerith-Multiplizierlocher und seine Anwendungsbiete," Hollerith-Nachrichten (Berlin), no. 26, pp. 306-315, 1933.
8. F.J. Swetz, Capitalism and Arithmetic: The New Math of the 15th Century.La Salle, Ill.: Open Court, 1987.
9. Electric Multiplier Type 601 (Operator's Manual).New York: IBM Corporation, 1941.
10. P. Segert, "Die hollerithmässige Stücklohnverdienst-Abrechnung— Gruppenakkord-Abrechnung— in einer Maschinenfabrik mit langfristiger Einzelfertigung," Hollerith-Nachrichten(Berlin), no. 96, pp. 1,463-1,473, Apr. 1940.
11. B. Baron v. Freytag Löringhoff, Wilhelm Schickard und seine Rechenmaschine von 1623. Tübingen, Germany: Attempto Verlag, 1989.
12. F.W. Kistermann, "Rechentechnik um 1600 und Wilhelm Schickards Rechenmaschine," Seck, Friedrich (Hrsg.): Zum 400. Geburtstag von Wilhelm Schickard. Zweites Tübinger Symposion, 25. bis 27. June 1992, Sigmaringen, Germany: Jan Thorbecke, 1995, pp. 241-272.
13. F. Biehler, "Lochkartenmaschinen im Dienste der Reichsstatistik," Allgemeines Statistisches Archiv, pp. 90-100, 1939.
14. Der Hollerith-Rechenlocher (DEHOMAG RL I) (later: IBM 621). Berlin: Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Gesellschaft m.b.H., Feb. 1937.
15. Der Hollerith-Rechenlocher (DEHOMAG RL II) (later: IBM 623). Berlin: Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Gesellschaft m.b.H., Apr. 1938.
16. J. Hollingsworth and F. Gruenberger, "Square Root on the 602A," Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation, vol. 7, pp. 132-133, 1953.
17. W.E. Freeman, "Improvements and Advantages Offered by the Powers Accounting and Tabulating Machines, Consisting of Punching, Sorting, Tabulating and Printing Machines," Nat'l Electric Light Assn., 38th Convention, Accounting Session, pp. 156-187, June7-11 1915.
18. J. Yates, "Co-Evolution of Information-Processing Technology and Use: Interaction Between the Life Insurance and Tabulating Industries," Business History Rev., vol. 67, pp. 1-51, 1993.
1. J.H. Blodgett, Herman Hollerith— Data Processing Pioneer, thesis, master of science in information science, Graduate School of Library Science, Drexel Institute of Tech nology, June 1968; J.H. Blodgett and C.K. Schultz, "Herman Hollerith: Data Processing Pioneer," Amer. Documentation, vol. 20, pp. 221-226, July 1969.
2. Personnel file of Johann Georg Hollerith, Country Archives, Speyer, Germany.
3. G. v. Jaeger, Jahresbericht über das Lyceum, Gymnasium und die Lateinische Schule zu Speyer in der Pfalz für das Jahr 1843/44 von Dr. Jaeger, published 24 Aug. 1844.
4. E. Brand, Die Entwicklung des Gymnasiallehrerstandes in Bayern von 1773-1904. Munich: J. Lindauersche Buchhandlung, 1904; R. Bölling, Sozialgeschichte der deutschen Lehrer. Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1983.
5. A. Lüdtke, "Gemeinwohl," Polizei und "Festungspraxis," Staatliche Gewaltsamkeit und innere Verwaltung in Preussen 1815 bis 1850.Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1982; W. Siemann, "Deutschlands Ruhe, Sicherheit und Ordnung," Die Anfänge der politischen Polizei 1806 bis 1866. Tübingen, Germany: Max Niemeyer, 1985.
6. Information of Feb. 1980, supplied by the State Archives in Speyer, Germany.
7. K. Obermann, Wirtschafts- und sozialpolitische Aspekte der Krise von 1845-1847 in Deutschland, insbesondere Preussen, Jahrbuch der Geschichte 7, pp. 141-174, 1972; J. Bergmann, "Ökonomische Voraussetzungen der Revolution von 1848: Zur Krise von 1845 bis 1848 in Deutschland," Geschichte und Gesellschaft, Zeitschrift für historische Sozialwissenschaft 1976, Sonderheft 2; C. Wittke, Refugees of Revolution: The German Forty-Eighters in America. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1952.
8. G. v. Jaeger, Jahresbericht über das Lyceum, Gymnasium und die Lateinische Schule zu Speyer in der Pfalz für das Jahr 1848/49 von Dr. Jaeger, published 26 Aug. 1849.
9. O. Ullmann, "Eine Erfindung, die der Technik neue Wege wies, Die Holleriths— Auswanderer aus Speyer. Der Vater war hier Gymnasiallehrer— Sein Sohn wurde weltberühmt," Vierteljahresheft des Verkehrvereins Speyer, pp. 11-21, Winter 1965.
10. W. Heidinger, "Dr. Hermann Hollerith," Festschrift zur 25-Jahr-Feier der deutschen Hollerith Maschinen Gesellschaft.Berlin-Lichterfelde: DEHOMAG, Nov. 1935, pp. 21-29. Unfortunately, it has to be added, most of the wrong information stems from Heidinger's publication. V. Hollerith, "Biographical Sketch of Herman Hollerith," Isis, vol. 62, no. 211, pp. 69-78, 1971; G.D. Austrian, Forgotten Giant of Information Processing. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1982.

Citation:
Werner Buchholz, "Comments, Queries, and Debates," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 64-71, Oct.-Dec. 1997, doi:10.1109/MAHC.1997.10010
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