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Comments, Queries, and Debates
October-December 1997 (vol. 19 no. 4)
pp. 64-71

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2. I have the unique opportunity to have access to all Hollerith and IBM punched card machines, restored and workable, from 1890 until the 1950s. Additionally, I appreciate the work by a group of colleagues who constructed, manufactured, and maintained the machines in the past. This allows detailed studies of Hollerith and IBM machines.
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14. Der Hollerith-Rechenlocher (DEHOMAG RL I) (later: IBM 621). Berlin: Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Gesellschaft m.b.H., Feb. 1937.
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18. J. Yates, "Co-Evolution of Information-Processing Technology and Use: Interaction Between the Life Insurance and Tabulating Industries," Business History Rev., vol. 67, pp. 1-51, 1993.
1. J.H. Blodgett, Herman Hollerith— Data Processing Pioneer, thesis, master of science in information science, Graduate School of Library Science, Drexel Institute of Tech nology, June 1968; J.H. Blodgett and C.K. Schultz, "Herman Hollerith: Data Processing Pioneer," Amer. Documentation, vol. 20, pp. 221-226, July 1969.
2. Personnel file of Johann Georg Hollerith, Country Archives, Speyer, Germany.
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4. E. Brand, Die Entwicklung des Gymnasiallehrerstandes in Bayern von 1773-1904. Munich: J. Lindauersche Buchhandlung, 1904; R. Bölling, Sozialgeschichte der deutschen Lehrer. Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1983.
5. A. Lüdtke, "Gemeinwohl," Polizei und "Festungspraxis," Staatliche Gewaltsamkeit und innere Verwaltung in Preussen 1815 bis 1850.Göttingen, Germany: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 1982; W. Siemann, "Deutschlands Ruhe, Sicherheit und Ordnung," Die Anfänge der politischen Polizei 1806 bis 1866. Tübingen, Germany: Max Niemeyer, 1985.
6. Information of Feb. 1980, supplied by the State Archives in Speyer, Germany.
7. K. Obermann, Wirtschafts- und sozialpolitische Aspekte der Krise von 1845-1847 in Deutschland, insbesondere Preussen, Jahrbuch der Geschichte 7, pp. 141-174, 1972; J. Bergmann, "Ökonomische Voraussetzungen der Revolution von 1848: Zur Krise von 1845 bis 1848 in Deutschland," Geschichte und Gesellschaft, Zeitschrift für historische Sozialwissenschaft 1976, Sonderheft 2; C. Wittke, Refugees of Revolution: The German Forty-Eighters in America. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1952.
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Werner Buchholz, "Comments, Queries, and Debates," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 64-71, Oct.-Dec. 1997, doi:10.1109/MAHC.1997.10010
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