• Annals
  • 1995
  • Issue No. 2 - Summer
  • Abstract - Caught Between Historical Experience and High Hopes: Automation at the Dutch Postal Cheque and Clearing Service, 1950-1965
 This Article 
   
 Share 
   
 Bibliographic References 
   
 Add to: 
 
Digg
Furl
Spurl
Blink
Simpy
Google
Del.icio.us
Y!MyWeb
 
 Search 
   
Caught Between Historical Experience and High Hopes: Automation at the Dutch Postal Cheque and Clearing Service, 1950-1965
Summer 1995 (vol. 17 no. 2)
pp. 9-21

Since the Netherlands lacks an indigenous computer industry, this article concentrates on the use of computing technologies. It deals specifically with the Dutch giro system, the country’s initial step toward automation in the early 1950s. Automation was achieved in 1965. Several organizational processes and the development of computer technology throughout the fifties contributed to the delay of automation and the ultimate choice and implementation of more than 20 IBM 1401 computer systems. The theme sheds light on the importance of studying how computer technology is used as well as how the technologies are developed.

1. W. Aspray, “The History of Computing within the History of Information Technology,” History and Technology, Vol. 11, 1994, pp. 7-17.
2. N. Rosenberg, Inside the Black Box: Technology and Economics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1982.
3. S. Blume, Insight and Industry: On the Dynamics of Technological Change in Medicine, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1992.
4. W.E. Bijker, T.P. Hughes, , and T.J. Pinch, eds., The Social Construction of Technological Systems, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1987.
5. P. Kirkman, Electronic Funds Transfer Systems, the Revolution in Cashless Banking and Payment Methods, Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1987.
6. D. de Wit, The Shaping of Automation: A Historical Analysis of the Interaction Between Technology and Organization, 1950-1985,Verloren, Rotterdam, 1994.
7. J. Connoly, History of Computing in Europe, IBM Corp., 1968.
8. C. Tak, Rapport over de Oorzaken van de Ontwrichting en de Vereergerde Ontwrichting van den Postcheque- en Girodienst, en de Schuldigen Daaraan, ’s Gravenhage, 1924, pp. 60-70.
9. W. Molenaar, “Hoofdlijenen uit de Geschiedenis van de Postcheque- en Girodienst,” in Een Halve Eeuw Postcheque—en Girodienst, Marka, Utrecht, 1968.
10. H. Reinoud, “Vijftig Jaar Koersbepalende Beslissingen,” in Een Halve Eeuw Postcheque- en Girodienst, Marka, Utrecht, 1968, pp. 11-26.
11. E. Kranakis, The Computerization of Dutch Society: The Early Decades, NOTA, 1987.
12. H. Reinoud, R.L.M. Oberman, , and L. Kosten, Proposal on the Automation of the Netherlands Postcheque-en Girodienst, PTT, The Hague, May 1955.
13. F.M. Fisher, J.W. McKie, , and R.B. Mancke, IBM and the US Data Processing Industry, an Economic History,Praeger, New York, 1983.
14. E.A. Constant II, “The Social Locus of Technological Practice, Community, System or Organization,” in The Social Construction of Technological Systems, W.E. Bijker, T.P. Hughes, and T.J. Pinch eds., MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1987, pp. 223-242.

Citation:
Dirk de Wit, "Caught Between Historical Experience and High Hopes: Automation at the Dutch Postal Cheque and Clearing Service, 1950-1965," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 9-21, Summer 1995, doi:10.1109/85.380268
Usage of this product signifies your acceptance of the Terms of Use.