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Development of Systems Software for the Ferut Computer at the University of Toronto, 1952 to 1955
Summer 1994 (vol. 16 no. 2)
pp. 13-19

The Ferut computer was a copy of the Mark I computer at the University of Manchester. Two years after its delivery in Toronto, systems software had been developed to vastly enlarge the community of users. To go from a few dedicated programmers patient enough to deal with the extremely difficult machine code to a situation where anyone with two hours to spare could program successfully was a major advance. This article retraces the steps in this pioneering experiment in automatic programming, in which the author played a central role.

1. J.N.P. Hume, "Input and Organization of Subroutines for Ferut,"Mathematical Tables and Other Aids to Computation (MTAC), Vol. 8, No. 45, Jan. 1954, pp. 30-36.
2. J.W. Backus, "The IBM 701 Speedcoding System,"J. ACM, Vol. 1, No. 1, Jan. 1954, pp. 4-6.
3. J.N.P. Hume and B.H. Worsley, "Transcode: A System of Automatic Coding for Ferut,"J. ACM, Vol. 2, No. 4, Oct. 1955, pp. 243-252.
4. B.H. Worsley and J.N.P. Hume, "A New Tool for Physicists,"Physics in Canada, Vol. 10, No. 4, Summer 1955, pp. 11-20.
5. G.M. Hopper, "Automatic Coding for Digital Computers," presented at the High Speed Computer Conference, Louisiana State Univ., Feb. 1955, published by Remington Rand, Inc.
6. R.A. Brooker, "An Attempt to Simplify Coding for the Manchester Electronic Computer,"British J. Applied Physics, Vol. 6, Sept. 1955, pp. 307-311.
7. C.C. Gotlieb and J.N.P. Hume,High-Speed Data Processing, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1958.

J.N. Patterson Hume, "Development of Systems Software for the Ferut Computer at the University of Toronto, 1952 to 1955," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 13-19, Summer 1994, doi:10.1109/85.279227
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