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Issue No.03 - July-September (1993 vol.15)
pp: 44-54
ABSTRACT
<p>Because of changes in computer technology and terminology, it is often difficult for present-day observers to judge the significance of early digital computer projects. This article follows some architectural themes of interest, as they evolved in the design of three innovative Manchester University computers: the Mark I, Atlas, and MU5. It traces themes such as operand address generation, instruction formats, and memory management during the period from 1948 to 1975. These themes are illustrated by a set of normalized diagrams that may aid further study of the original references.</p>
CITATION
Simon H. Lavington, "Manchester Computer Architectures, 1948-1975", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.15, no. 3, pp. 44-54, July-September 1993, doi:10.1109/85.222841
REFERENCES
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7. T. Kilburn, "Muse," paper presented at the firstInt'l Conf. Information Processing, UNESCO, Paris, June 1959, proceedings published by Butterworths, London, 1960, pp. 433 ff.
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17. S.H. Lavington and A.E. Knowles, "Assessing the Power of an Order Code,"Proc. IFIP Congress 1977, published inInformation Processing 77, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1977, pp. 477- 480.
18. S.H. Lavington, "The Manchester Mark I and Atlas: A Historical Perspective,"Comm. ACM, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan. 1978, pp. 4-12.
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23. S.H. Lavington,Early British Computers, Manchester Univ. Press, 1980. (Published in the US by Digital Press, Bedford, Mass.).
24. T. Kilburn, D.B.G. Edwards, and G.E. Thomas, "The Manchester University Mark 2 Digital Computing Machine,"Proc. IEE, Vol. 103, Part B, Supp. 1-3, 1956, pp. 247-268.
25. K. Lonsdale and E.T. Warburton, "Mercury: A High-Speed Digital Computer,"Proc. IEE, Vol. 103, Part B, Supp. 1-3, 1956, pp. 483-490.
26. T. Kilburn, R.L. Grimsdale, and D.C. Webb, "A Transistor Digital Computer with a Magnetic Drum Store,"Proc. IEE, Vol. 103, Part B, Supp. 1-3, 1956, pp. 390-406.
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