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Issue No.03 - July-September (1993 vol.15)
pp: 33-36
ABSTRACT
<p>Alan Turing spent his final years working at Manchester University. A little known feature of this work is his interest in morphogenesis. This article describes that work, arguing that it is both analogous to Turing's computing work (in that it represented a radical break into a new field with little reference to previous work) and discontinuous with it (since Turing did not make use of any of the "obvious" analogies between programming a computer and programming a gene).</p>
CITATION
P.T. Saunders, "Alan Turing and Biology", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.15, no. 3, pp. 33-36, July-September 1993, doi:10.1109/85.222839
REFERENCES
1. Hodges, Andrew. 1983.Alan Turing: The Enigma, Simon and Schuster, pp. 231-232.
2. W. Paley,Natural Theology, or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity, Collected from the Appearances of Nature, 5th edition, F.&J. Rivington, London, 1802.
3. C. Darwin,The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life, John Murray, London, 1859.
4. J. Huxley,Evolution, the Modern Synthesis, George Allen&Unwin, London, 1942.
5. D'A.W. Thompson,On Growth and Form, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1917.
6. A.M. Turing, "The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis,"Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Land., Vol. B237, 1952, pp. 37-72.
7. A. Kolmogorov, I. Petrovski, and N. Piskunov, "Étude de l'équation de la diffusion avec croissance de la quantitéde matière et son applicationàune problème biologique,"Bulletin de l'Universitéd'ÉtatàMoscou, Série International, Vol. 1, Section A, 1937, pp. 1-25.
8. N. Rashevsky, "An Approach to the Mathematical Biophysics of Biological Self-Organization and of Cell Polarity,"Bull. Math. Biophys., Vol. 2, 1940, p. 15.
9. P.T. Saunders, ed.,Alan Turing's Collected Works: Morphogenesis, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1992.
10. C.W. Wardlaw, "A Commentary on Turing's Diffusion-Reaction Theory of Morphogenesis,"New Phytol., Vol. 52, 1953, pp. 40-47.
11. C.H. Waddington,New Patterns in Genetics and Development, Columbia Univ. Press, New York, 1963.
12. C.W. Wardlaw,Organization and Evolution in Plants, Longmans, London, 1965.
13. V. Castets et al., "Experimental Evidence of a Sustained Turing-Type Nonequilibrium Chemical Pattern,"Phys. Rev. Lett., Vol. 64, 1990, pp. 2953-2956.
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