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Issue No.03 - July-September (1993 vol.15)
pp: 9-16
ABSTRACT
<p>This article studies the prehistory of computers at Manchester University, Scientific computation in Britain during and immediately after World War II is briefly described. Computers at Manchester University had two main initial influences: M.H.A. Newman and F.C. Williams. Biographies of these two men are given and their wartime work examined in the light of computer development at Manchester. The period from 1946 to 1948 is discussed as the start of computer research at Manchester. The article ends at the point when the Manchester "baby machine" was operational and outside interests ensured the continuation of computer science research at Manchester.</p>
CITATION
Mary Croarken, "The Beginnings of the Manchester Computer Phenomenon: People and Influences", IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol.15, no. 3, pp. 9-16, July-September 1993, doi:10.1109/85.222835
REFERENCES
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17. J.F. Adams, "Maxwell Herman Alexander Newman,"Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 31, 1985, pp. 436-452.
18. B. Randell, "The Colossus," inA History of Computing in the Twentieth Century, N. Metropolis, J. Howlett, and G. Rota, eds., Academic Press, New York, 1980, pp. 47-92.
19. T. Kilburn and L.S. Piggott, "Frederic Calland Williams 1911- 1977,"Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 24, 1978, pp. 583-604.
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21. B. Lovell, 'Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett,"Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society, Vol. 21, 1975, pp. 1-115.
22. P. Drath,The Relationship Between Science and Technology: University Research and the Computer Industry 1945-1962, doctoral dissertation, Manchester Univ., Manchester, UK, 1973.
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31. T. Kilburn, "A Storage System for Use with Binary Digital Computing Machines," Dept. of Electra-Technics, University of Manchester, Dec. 1, 1947. Published without description of hypothetical computer, F.C. Williams and T. Kilburn,Proc. IEE, Vol. 96, 1949, pp. 183-202.
32. D.R. Hartree et al., "A Discussion on Computing Machines,"Proc. Royal Society, A, Vol. 195, 1948, pp. 265-287.
33. S.H. Lavington,A History of Manchester Computers, NCC Publications, Manchester, UK, 1975.
34. B. Lockspeiser, Letter to E. Grundy, Oct. 26, 1948. Quoted in reference 17.
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