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The EDSAC Programming Systems
October-December 1992 (vol. 14 no. 4)
pp. 34-40

This article gives the highlights and background of the EDSAC programming system as it developed from 1948 in anticipation of the EDSAC completion to the improvements made for the second Cambridge computer.

1. D.R. Hartree,Calculating Machines: Recent and Prospective Developments and Their Impact on Mathematical Physics, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, UK. 1947: reprinted in Charles Babbage Inst. Reprint Series for the History of Computing, Vol. 6, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., and Tomash Publishers, Los Angeles, 1986.
2. M. Campbell-Kelly, "Programming the EDSAC: Early Programming Activity at the University of Cambridge,"Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jan. 1980, pp. 7-36.
3. M. Campbell-Kelly, "The Airy Tape: An Early Chapter in the History of Debugging," Research Report 153, Dept. of Computer Science, Univ. of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 1990.
4. D.J. Wheeler "Program Organisation and initial Orders for the EDSAC,"Proc. Royal Society, Series A, Vol. 202, 1950, pp. 573-589.
5. M.V. Wilkes, D.J. Wheeler, and S. Gill,The Preparation of Programs for an Electronic Computer, Addison-Wesley, Cambridge, Mass., 1951 (first edition), 1957 (second edition). First edition reprinted as Vol. 1 of the Charles Babbage Inst. Reprint Series for the History of Computing, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., and Tomash Publishers, Los Angeles, 1982.
6. S. Gill, "The Diagnosis of Mistakes in Programmes on the EDSAC,"Proc. Royal Society, Series A, Vol. 206, 1951, pp. 538-554.
7. D.E. Knuth and L. Trabb Pardo, "The Early Development of Programming Systems," inA History of Computing in the Twentieth Century, N. Metropolis et al., eds., Academic Press, New York, 1980, pp. 197-213.

Citation:
David J. Wheeler, "The EDSAC Programming Systems," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 34-40, Oct.-Dec. 1992, doi:10.1109/85.194053
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