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Paul A. Medwick, "Douglas Hartree and Early Computations in Quantum Mechanics," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 105111, AprilJune, 1988.  
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@article{ 10.1109/MAHC.1988.10014, author = {Paul A. Medwick}, title = {Douglas Hartree and Early Computations in Quantum Mechanics}, journal ={IEEE Annals of the History of Computing}, volume = {10}, number = {2}, issn = {10586180}, year = {1988}, pages = {105111}, doi = {http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.1988.10014}, publisher = {IEEE Computer Society}, address = {Los Alamitos, CA, USA}, }  
RefWorks Procite/RefMan/Endnote  x  
TY  MGZN JO  IEEE Annals of the History of Computing TI  Douglas Hartree and Early Computations in Quantum Mechanics IS  2 SN  10586180 SP105 EP111 EPD  105111 A1  Paul A. Medwick, PY  1988 VL  10 JA  IEEE Annals of the History of Computing ER   
Douglas Hartree, who was a mathematical physicist at the University of Manchester and the University of Cambridge during the first half of this century, examined the possibilities for numerical solutions of the manybody problem in quantum mechanics which did not permit analytic, closedform results. In an attempt to surmount the mathematical complexities associated with multielectron atoms, Hartree proposed the method of selfconsistent fields as an approximation scheme which would give numerical forms of atomic wave functions via iterative solution of the Schr?dinger equation. Hartree was quick to recognize the need for automatic computation, both analog and digital, for the practical implementation of the technique. To this end, he investigated the application of analog differential analyzers to the problem before realizing the superiority of digital computation. The question of the first selfconsistent field calculations to be run on an electronic digital machine is addressed in an effort to clarify misinformation in the existing literature about the use of early computers to perform Hartree computations.
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